Profesor Emérito de la Universidad de Michigan. This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Gérard Mourou Gérard Mourou nació el 22 de junio de 1944 en La Voulte-sur-Rhône, Ardèche, Francia. Azken honekin batera asmatutako intentsitate altuko pultsu optiko laburrengatik jaso zuen saria. Gérard Albert Mourou (French: [ʒeʁaʁ muʁu]; born 22 June 1944) is a French scientist and pioneer in the field of electrical engineering and lasers.He was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics in 2018, along with Donna Strickland, for the invention of chirped pulse amplification, a technique later used to create ultrashort-pulse, very high-intensity laser pulses. M Chaker, JC Kieffer, JP Matte, H Pepin, P Audebert, P Maine, ... Physics of Fluids B: Plasma Physics 3 (1), 167-175, MD Perry, D Strickland, T Ditmire, FG Patterson. This "Cited by" count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar. Get all the latest news and updates on Gerard Mourou only on News18.com. A few years ago, a new type of large-scale laser infrastructure specifically conceived to produce the highest peak power and focused intensity was announced: the Extreme Light Infrastructure, ELI ([ 1 ][1]), designed to be the first exawatt-class (1018 W) laser. Mourou, Gérard (2004). He was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics in 2018, along with Donna Strickland, for the invention of chirped pulse amplification, a technique later used to create ultrashort-pulse, very high-intensity (petawatt) laser pulses.[3]. The field strength at these intensities is on the order of a teravolt per centimeter, or a hundred times the Coulombic field binding the ground state electron in the hydrogen atom. Proc. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article. Gérard Albert Mourou (French: [ʒeʁaʁ muʁu]; born 22 June 1944) is a French scientist and pioneer in the field of electrical engineering and lasers.He was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics in 2018, along with Donna Strickland, for the invention of chirped pulse amplification, a technique later used to create ultrashort-pulse, very high-intensity laser pulses. Electron Diffraction in the Picosecond Domain Steven Williamson and Gerard Mourou and Synchronous Amplification of 70 fsec Pulses Using a Frequency-Doubled Nd: YAG Pumping Source Authors J. D. Kafka JC Kieffer, JP Matte, S Belair, M Chaker, P Audebert, H Pepin, P Maine, ... IEEE journal of quantum electronics 25 (12), 2639-2647, LL Losev, J Song, JF Xia, D Strickland, VV Brukhanov, SR Forrest, PE Burrows, A Stroustrup, D Strickland, VS Ban, Applied physics letters 68 (10), 1326-1328, Short-Pulse High-Intensity Lasers and Applications 1413, 54-58, Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 26 (15), 2323, New articles related to this author's research, Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses, Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification, Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field, Laser ionization of noble gases by Coulomb-barrier suppression, Femtosecond laser pulse shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses, Optical studies of inertially confined molecular iodine ions, Short-pulse laser absorption in very steep plasma density gradients, Molecular reorientation during dissociative multiphoton ionization, Interaction of a 1 psec laser pulse with solid matter, Resistance of short pulses to self-focusing, Absorption of an ultrashort laser pulse in very steep plasma density gradients, Multifrequency parametric infrared Raman generation in KGd (WO 4) 2 crystal with biharmonic ultrashort-pulse pumping, Intense second harmonic generation and long‐range structural ordering in thin films of an organic salt grown by organic vapor phase deposition, Dual-wavelength chirped-pulse amplification system, Development of a dual-wavelength Ti: sapphire multi-pass amplifier and its application to intense mid-infrared generation, Mid-infrared pulses generated from the mixing output of an amplified, dual-wavelength Ti: sapphire system, Multiphoton ionization of inertially confined molecular ions. Director del Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee en la ENSTA. Στο: Stroud, Carlos. Merged citations. JC Kieffer, P Audebert, M Chaker, JP Matte, H Pépin, TW Johnston, ... P Dietrich, DT Strickland, M Laberge, PB Corkum. Try again later. Après la Légion d’honneur française en 2012 et la médaille Frederic Ives décernée en 2016 par l’Optical Society of America, Gérard Mourou sera honoré à Washington en 2018 par la plus grande association de physiciens, l’American Physical Society.La technique d’amplification des lasers Chirped Pulse Amplification (CPA) mise au point il y a un peu plus de 30 ans par Gérard Mourou [4] The pair co-invented chirped pulse amplification, a "method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses". The following articles are merged in Scholar. Gérard Mourou Ecole Polytechnique Verified email at polytechnique.edu Pisin Chen Chee-Chun Leung Chair Professor of Cosmology, National Taiwan University Verified email at phys.ntu.edu.tw Nelson Rowell National Research Council Canada Verified email at nrc-cnrc.gc.ca Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. «53. The following articles are merged in Scholar. Over the past ten years, laser intensities have increased by more than four orders of magnitude to reach enormous intensities of 10 20 W / cm 2. Profesor en la Universidad de Rochester. Mourou has been director of the Laboratoire d'optique appliquée at the ENSTA from 2005 to 2009. Applied Physics Letters 59 (25), 3276-3278, 1991. The ones marked * may be different from the … Gerard Mourou is the winner of the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with Donna Strickland "for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses." Gérard Albert Mourou (French: [ʒeʁaʁ muʁu]; born 22 June 1944)[1][2] is a French scientist and pioneer in the field of electrical engineering and lasers. This "Cited by" count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar. On 2 October 2018, Mourou and Strickland were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, along with for their joint work on chirped pulse amplification. Donna Theo Strickland (Guelph, Kanada, 1959ko maiatzaren 27a) irakasle eta fisikari kanadiarra da, laser arloan aitzindaria. For nearly 30 years, Professor Gérard A. Mourou has pioneered the field of ultrafast lasers and their applications in scientific, engineering, and medical disciplines. [11] The technique, which was described in Strickland's first scientific publication, came to be known as chirped pulse amplification (CPA). Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. This article is more than 2 years old. laser. Merged citations. On 23 November 2015, he attended the Third Christmas Lecture held in Bucharest. The system can't perform the operation now. Analysis of the … An … [9] They shared half of the Prize, while the other half was awarded to Arthur Ashkin for his invention of "optical tweezers that grab particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells with their laser beam fingers". [12], The Guardian and Scientific American provided simplified summaries of the work of Strickland and Mourou: it "paved the way for the shortest, most intense laser beams ever created". 2018an Fisikako Nobel saria jaso zuen Arthur Ashkin eta Donna Stricklandekin batera. [15], Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science, "53. It could then be compressed to create the short-lived, highly powerful lasers they were after. This gargantuan power will be obtained by cramming a kilojoule of energy into a pulse only 10 fs in duration. Volume 55, number 6 OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS 15 October 1985 COMPRESSION OF AMPLIFIED CHIRPED OPTICAL PULSES Donna STRICKLAND and Gerard MOUROU Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East Ricer Road, Rochester, NY 14623-/299, USA Received 5 July 1985 We have demonstrated the amplification … He shared the prize with American physicist Arthur Ashkin and Canadian physicist Donna Strickland. The following articles are merged in Scholar. His presentation was entitled Breaking Through The Unknown: Extreme light, Science to Art. At those timescales, it became possible not only to study chemical reactions, but what happens inside individual atoms. Gérard Mourou, in full Gérard Albert Mourou, (born June 22, 1944, Albertville, France), French physicist who was awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics for his invention of chirped pulse amplification (CPA), a method of making pulses of laser light of high power and short duration. Bizarre video of Nobel physics laureate Gérard Mourou surfaces. Their combined citations are counted only for ... Gérard Mourou. Their, This "Cited by" count includes citations to the following articles in Scholar. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article. S Augst, D Strickland, DD Meyerhofer, SL Chin, JH Eberly. 1228, 1 (2010) Igor V. Sokolov, Natalia M. Naumova, John A. Nees, Victor P. Yanovsky, and Gérard A. Mourou, Radiation back- reaction in relativistically strong and QED-strong pulsed laser fields AIP Conf. Ecole Polytechnique. Quite the same Wikipedia. [5] Strickland's doctoral thesis was on "development of an ultra-bright laser and an application to multi-photon ionization". 2018. urtean Fisikako Nobel saria irabazi zuen, Arthur Ashkin eta The following articles are merged in Scholar. Gérard Albert Mourou (Albertville, Frantzia, 1944ko ekainaren 22a) fisikari eta ingeniari elektriko frantsesa da. They were probably unaware at the time that their tools would make it possible to study natural phenomena in unprecedented ways. 1. The dawn of ultrafast science and technology at the University of Rochester. Gérard Mourou. He is a professor and member of Haut Collège at the École polytechnique and A. D. Moore Distinguished University Professor Emeritus at the University of Michigan where he has taught for over 16 years. Proc. 25 February 2020 – Honorary Doctorate of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 18:56. ", "Rochester breakthrough in laser science earns Nobel Prize", "Donna Strickland: The 'laser jock' Nobel prize winner", "Quand le Nobel Gérard Mourou se mettait en scène dans un clip musical potache", "Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland win Nobel physics prize", "Arthur Ashkin, 2 others win Nobel Physics Prize for laser research", "Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland win the Nobel Prize for Physics – Physics World", "Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland win the Nobel Prize for Physics", "Physics Nobel prize won by Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland", Statement by the Prime Minister on Donna Strickland winning the Nobel Prize in Physics 2 October 2018 PMO, "SPIE Harold E. Edgerton Award in High-Speed Optics", "Gérard Mourou – the 2005 Willis E. Lamb Award for Laser Science and Quantum Optics", "Gérard Mourou receives the Frederic Ives Medal of the Optical Society of America", "Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science", "Nobel laureate Gérard Mourou is awarded the VU honorary doctorate (in Lithuanian)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gérard_Mourou&oldid=996298457, Foreign Members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Members of the United States National Academy of Engineering, Nobelprize template using Wikidata property P8024, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 2005 – Willis E. Lamb Award for Laser Science and Quantum Optics. Janis A. Valdmanis, Gerard A. Mourou, and C. W. Gabel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron 17, 664 (1983).Google Scholar Crossref; 2. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. ... G Mourou. Read all news including political news, current affairs and news headlines online on Gerard Mourou today. Verified email at polytechnique.edu. Gérard A. Mourou and Natalia M. Naumova, A Qualitative Introduction to Extreme Light Infrastructure AIP Conf. He had previously led a research group on ultrafast sciences at Laboratoire d'optique appliquée of ENSTA and École polytechnique, after obtaining a PhD degree from Pierre and Marie Curie University in 1973. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article. IEEE Journal of Quantum electronics 24 (2), 398-403, 1988. https://cuos.engin.umich.edu/researchgroups/hfs/profiles/gerard-mourou The ones marked, P Maine, D Strickland, P Bado, M Pessot, G Mourou, IEEE Journal of Quantum electronics 24 (2), 398-403, S Augst, D Strickland, DD Meyerhofer, SL Chin, JH Eberly, S Augst, DD Meyerhofer, D Strickland, SL Chin, CW Hillegas, JX Tull, D Goswami, D Strickland, WS Warren, DT Strickland, Y Beaudoin, P Dietrich, PB Corkum. [13][14] Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau acknowledged the achievements of Mourou and Strickland: "Their innovative work can be found in applications including corrective eye surgery, and is expected to have a significant impact on cancer therapy and other physics research in the future". To install click the Add extension button. [6], In the 2000s, Mourou was featured by a French film company in a publicity video for the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI).[7][8]. That's it. How to transfigure the Wikipedia. [10][11], Mourou and Strickland found that stretching a laser out reduced its peak power, which could then be greatly amplified using normal instruments. A Jewel in the Crown: 75th Anniversary Essays of The Institute of Optics of the University of Rochester. "The ultrabrief, ultrasharp beams can be used to make extremely precise cuts so their technique is now used in laser machining and enables doctors to perform millions of corrective" laser eye surgeries. Search across a wide variety of disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions. With the advent of the Thin Film Compression, high energy single-cycled laser pulses have become an eminent path to the future of new high-field science. Just better. He then went to the United States and became a professor at the University of Rochester in 1977, where he and his then student Donna Strickland produced their Nobel prize-winning work in the Laboratory for Laser Energetics at the university. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. In 1994, Mourou and his team at the University of Michigan discovered that the balance between the self-focusing refraction (see Kerr effect) and self-attenuating diffraction by ionization and rarefaction of a laser beam of terawatt intensities in the atmosphere creates "filaments" which act as waveguides for the beam, thus preventing divergence. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Merged citations. 1320: 1988: Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field. The dawn of ultrafast science and technology at the University of Rochester.». The following articles are merged in Scholar. He was the founding director of the Center for Ultrafast Optical Science at the University of Michigan in 1990. The previous lectures were given by Sir Thomas Kibble and Joseph Silk. Rochester, NY: … The ones marked * may be different from the … Profesor y miembro de Haut Collège en École Polytechnique y AD Moore Distinguished University. [12] CPA could also per definition be used to create a laser pulse that only lasts one attosecond, one-billionth of a billionth of a second. Unprecedented ways cramming a kilojoule of energy into a pulse only 10 in. 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