Galen briefly records observations and a description of the epidemic in the treatise Methodus Medendi, and his other references to it are scattered among his voluminous writings. Both plagues are backed up by written sources and archaeological evidences. Diagnosis and Parallels DiagnosisCurrent research continues to identify the Antonine plague as smallpox. A: London’s Military Origins; B: Population Decline and Ritual Landscapes in Antonine London,” Journal of Roman Archaeology 24 (2011), pp. As the disease swept north to the Rhine, it also infected Germanic and Gallic peoples outside the empire's borders. "Galen and the Antonine Plague". It took place between 165-180 A.D. Since the beginnings of the "3rd century crisis" discussions the infamous epidemic called Antonine or Galen plague has represented one of the featuring part within the whole process. [15] De Crespigny suggests that the plagues led to the rise of the cult faith healing millenarian movement led by Zhang Jue (d. 184), who instigated the disastrous Yellow Turban Rebellion (184–205). Plague-ridden fleas hitched a rid… Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. For years, those northern groups had pressed south in search of more lands to sustain their growing populations. Looks like you're using new Reddit on an old browser. Others experienced red and black papules on the skin, foul breath, and black diarrhea. I am learning about Roman history and just learned about the Antonine Plague and how it completely ravaged the Roman empires population. Make sure to familiarize yourself with our rules and guidelines before participating. He returned to Rome in 168 when summoned by the two Augusti; he was present at the outbreak among troops stationed at Aquileia in the winter of 168/69. The Antonine Plague broke out in 165 or 166 and devastated the population of the Roman Empire, causing the deaths of five million people. As he lay dying, he uttered the words, "Weep not for me; think rather of the pestilence and the deaths of so many others." AFAIK, research indicates a fatality of about a third of the population, which would be less than the black plague. In 166, during the epidemic, the Greek physician and writer Galen traveled from Rome to his home in Asia Minor. The swift spread of the disease continues to astonish historians and epidemiologists. The Black Death Network combines two axes, one on the crisis of the 14th century and one on the history of plague (caused by Yersinia pestis), both intersecting at the Black Death (1346-1353).Infamous for killing 30–60% of the European population, the Black Death was only one among multiple disasters of the profoundly tumultuous 14th century following harvest failures … See Duncan-Jones, “Antonine Plague.” 7. A passage (IX.2) states that even the pestilence around him was less deadly than falsehood, evil behaviour and lack of true understanding. One thousand years after the Crisis of the Third Century, another plague brought down several huge empires – those of the Mongols. The plague may have claimed the life of a Roman emperor, Lucius … Black Plague (1347-1352) Justinian’s plague (540-542) Spanish flu or Influenza (1918-1919) Smallpox and Native Americans (518 -1650) Antonine plague (165-166) The Asian flu (1956-1957) The smallpox epidemic in India (mid-1970s) Cholera (1926-1832) The Great Plague in London (1664-1665) The plague of Athens (-430 to -426 BC) AIDS (1981-present) There aren't as many estimates for the death toll from the Antonine Plague, it would seemingly be harder to study being much further back in time. Evidence indicates less significant, but mostly we don't really have a way of estimating the consequences of the Antonine Plague, as we lack proper quantitave sources to estimate its impact, compared to the Black Death. This is a somewhat more serious subreddit compared to many others. [11] The latter view is bolstered by molecular estimates that place the evolution of measles sometime after 1000 AD. I was curious to know if it was as severe as the black plague that came later and if so what were the differences between the two? The Antonine plague, and its twin, the Cyprian plague – both now widely thought to have been caused by a smallpox strain – ravaged the Roman Empire from A.D. 165 to 262. Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Plague vs. Pandemic: What Is the Difference? The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. Also - how was the plague interpreted historically? The ancient world never recovered from the blow inflicted on it by the plague which visited it in the reign of Marcus Aurelius. Edward Gibbon (1737–1794) and Michael Rostovtzeff (1870–1952) assigned the Antonine plague less influence than contemporary political and economic trends, respectively. Gilliam, J. F. "The Plague under Marcus Aurelius". [22][23] Chinese histories also insist that further Roman embassies came to China by way of Rinan in Vietnam in 226 and 284 AD, where Roman artifacts have been found. [2][3] The plague may have claimed the life of a Roman emperor, Lucius Verus, who died in 169 and was the co-regent of Marcus Aurelius. Dominic Perring, “Two Studies on Roman London. Additionally, was the plague of Cyprian also related to the Antonine plague? The Antonine Plague, AD 165-180, also known as the Plague of Galen, who described it, was an ancient pandemic, either of smallpox or measles, brought back to the Roman Empire by troops returning from campaigns in the Near East. One consideration though is that the Antonine Plague kept reoccurring, in smaller form. Several sources confirm that the Romans came into contact with this pandemic between late 165 CE and early 166CE during the siege of Seleucia-on-Tigris. [citation needed], Some direct effects of the contagion stand out. Posted by Powee Celdran. Known as both the Antonine Plague and the Plague of Galen, the pandemic did eventually subside, seemingly as mysteriously as it had come. [13], The epidemic had drastic social and political effects throughout the Roman Empire. Bruun, Christer, "The Antonine Plague and the 'Third-Century Crisis'," in Olivier Hekster, Gerda de Kleijn, Danielle Slootjes (ed.). 8. The information that was provided by Galen did not clearly define the nature of the disease, but scholars have generally preferred to diagnose it as smallpox. [16] He also stated that "it may be only chance" that the outbreak of the Antonine plague in 166 coincides with the Roman embassy of "Daqin" (the Roman Empire) landing in Jiaozhi (northern Vietnam) and visiting the Han court of Emperor Huan, claiming to represent "Andun" (安敦; a transliteration of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus or his predecessor Antoninus Pius). Three of the deadliest pandemics in recorded history were caused by a single bacterium, Yersinia pestis, a fatal infection otherwise known as the plague. However, it was not the only epidemic to reshape European history. All of the terms people keep throwing around need to be defined. This video is unavailable. Feel free to submit interesting articles, tell us about this cool book you just read, or start a discussion about who everyone's favorite figure of minor French nobility is! While the Antonine Plague that swept through the Roman Empire in 165–180 CE may have been caused by smallpox, Saint Nicasius of Rheims became the patron saint of smallpox victims for having supposedly survived a bout in 450, and … The Antonine plague caused the death of over 5million. To achieve this goal, two pandemic plagues, Antonine and The Black Death, will be historically examined in light of sound Christian teachings and perspectives. /r/History is a place for discussions about history. Gary K. Young (2001), Rome's Eastern Trade: International Commerce and Imperial Policy, 31 BC – AD 305, London & New York: Routledge, "Origin of the Measles Virus: Divergence from Rinderpest Virus Between the 11th and 12th Centuries", "Origin of measles virus: divergence from rinderpest virus between the 11th and 12th centuries. Plagues that Brought Down Empires April 22, 2020 April 22, 2020 daniel Antonine Plague , Crisis of the Third Century , Great Mortality , How Smallpox and Measles Gave Spain an Empire , Plague of Cyprian , Plague of Galen , plagues , Plagues that Brought Down Empires , smallpox and measles , the Antonine and Cyprian Plagues , The Antonine Plague , The Black Death , The Black Death vs. Until recently it was thought that the Antonine Plague could possibly have been a measles epidemic. When imperial forces moved east, under the command of Emperor Verus, after the forces of Vologases IV of Parthia attacked Armenia, the Romans' defense of the eastern territories was hampered when large numbers of troops succumbed to the disease. In this paper we shall discuss the first of these epidemics, studying the possible effects, such as demography or economical disturbances, on a regional and 18 A mean fatality-rate of 25-30% is sometimes suggested. Referred to as the Antonine Plague(after emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus), this epidemic did what hordes of … Plague is a serious bacterial infection that's transmitted primarily by fleas. The plague affected Roman culture and literature and may have severely affected Indo-Roman trade relations in the Indian Ocean. AFAIK, research indicates a fatality of about a third of the population, which would be less than the black plague. [4] Ammianus Marcellinus reported that the plague spread to Gaul and to the legions along the Rhine. [5] According to the contemporary Roman historian Cassius Dio, the disease broke out again nine years later in 189 AD and caused up to 2,000 deaths a day in Rome, one quarter of those who were affected. The pandemic emerged before 155CE in China and then spread westwards along the Silk Road. Antonine Plague: This is sometimes referred to as the Plague of Galen. 249–268. Here is a cheat sheet. 17 This disease may confer some immunity on survivors, but its impact on a virgin population can be catastrophic. there are no more victims left, some people have natural immunity or developed immunity by recovering from the disease, or have isolated themselves from all contact with other people until the disease … [8], Australian sinologist and historian Rafe de Crespigny speculates that the plague may have also broken out in Eastern Han China before 166 because of notices of plagues in Chinese records. The organism is transmitted to humans who are bitten by fleas that have fed on infected rodents or by humans handling infected animals.Known as the Black Death during medieval times, today plague occurs in fewer than 5,000 people a year world… [20] The plague would kill roughly 10% of the Roman population, as cited by McLaughlin, causing "irreparable" damage to the Roman maritime trade in the Indian Ocean as proven by the archaeological record spanning from Egypt to India as well as significantly decreased Roman commercial activity in Southeast Asia. The Antonine Plague, as it came to be known, would reach every corner of the empire and is what most likely claimed the life of Lucius Verrus himself in 169—and possibly that of his co-emperor Marcus Marcus Aurelius Aurelius in 180.1 The pestilentia that swept through the … From 167 to his death, Marcus Aurelius personally commanded legions near the Danube, trying, with only partial success, to control the advance of Germanic peoples across the river. Eutropius stated that a large population died throughout the empire. I don't have much to add to the particular question, but you might be interested in reading about the Justinian plague and how it affected the late roman empire as well :), New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. This may have contributed to a gradual decline in the Roman population from 165 until 400. It was a big deal. The spread of the epidemic was favoured by the occurrence of two military episodes i … Dio Cassius, LXXII 14.3–4; his book that would cover the plague under Marcus Aurelius is missing; the later outburst was the greatest of which the historian had knowledge. "There is not enough evidence satisfactorily to identify the disease or diseases", concluded J. F. Gilliam in his summary (1961) of the written sources, with inconclusive Greek and Latin inscriptions, two groups of papyri and coinage. Scholars have suspected it to have been either smallpox[1] or measles. See. I've seen estimates of about a quarter or a third of the population, which would be below the estimates for the death toll from the Black Death (30-60%). Galen briefly recorded observations and a description of the epidemic in the treatise Methodus Medendi ("Method of Treatment"), and he scattered other references to it among his voluminous writings. The Black Death (bubonic plague) is estimated “to have killed 30% to 60% of Europe’s population,” a statistic that has been verified by researchers and historians. The Antonine Plague, which flared up during the reign of Marcus Aurelius from 165 AD and continued under the rule of his son Commodus, played such a major role that the pathocenosis in the Ancient World was changed. 19 But inevitably there is regional variation. The Antonine Plague struck during the reign of Marcus Aurelius in the late 160s. Lucian of Samosata's irony-laden account of the charlatan Alexander of Abonoteichus records a verse of his "which he despatched to all the nations during the pestilence... was to be seen written over doorways everywhere", particularly in the houses that were emptied, Lucian further remarks. The Antonine Plague of 165 to 180 AD, also known as the Plague of Galen (from the name of the Greek physician living in the Roman Empire who described it), was an ancient pandemic brought back to the Roman Empire by troops returning from campaigns in the Near East. It was a pandemic brought back to Italy from the … The disease broke out again nine years later, according to the Roman historian Dio Cassius (155–235), … Nearly ten percent of the empire perished this way. The plague is generally thought to have been smallpox or measles, more likely smallpox. "[14] During the Marcomannic Wars, Marcus Aurelius wrote his philosophical work Meditations. The Plague of Justinian arrived in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, in 541 CE. He describes the plague as "great… Littman, R.J. and Littman, M.L. Furthermore, this historical examination will seek to shatter the sensibilities of a twenty-first-century Western audience, centuries detached from the apocalyptic experiences of their predecessors. Around 165 CE, a mysterious disease broke out across the Roman Empire. The decline in the population over the long run greatly weakened the economy and made it more difficult to guard the frontier. ", Rats, Lice and History: A Chronicle of Disease, Plagues, and Pestilence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antonine_Plague&oldid=998652072, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [6] The total death count has been estimated at 5 million,[7] and the disease killed as much as one third of the population in some areas and devastated the Roman army. [24][25][26], The angel of death striking a door during the plague of Rome: an engraving by Levasseur after. [citation needed], In 166, during the epidemic, the Greek physician and writer Galen travelled from Rome to his home in Asia Minor and returned to Rome in 168, when he was summoned by the two Augusti, the co-emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. Was it seen as a single multi-decade plague, or was it interpreted as a sort of reoccurring set of plagues (much like the Bubonic Plague during the Middle Ages and Later Middle Ages). Watch Queue Queue. [20] McLaughlin surmised that the origins of the plague lay in Central Asia, from some unknown and isolated population group, which then spread to the Chinese and the Roman worlds. The Antonine Plague of 165 to 180 AD, also known as the Plague of Galen (after Galen, the physician who described it), was an ancient pandemic brought to the Roman Empire by troops who were returning from campaigns in the Near East. Scientists discover a link between the Justinian plague and the Black Death and say a new strain of plague could still infect humanity. The severe devastation to the European population from the two plagues may indicate that people had no previous exposure to either disease, which brought immunity to survivors. The Antonine Plague. 270) were outbreaks of two different diseases, one of smallpox and one of measles but not necessarily in that order. The two emperors had risen to the throne by virtue of being adopted by the previous emperor, Antoninus Pius, and as a result, their family name, Antoninus, has become associated with the pandemic. In 1331, Mongol Khans ruled most of Asia, and large swaths of Europe and Middle East. This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 11:28. Watch Queue Queue [17][18][19], Raoul McLaughlin wrote that the Roman subjects visiting the Han Chinese court in 166 could have ushered in a new era of Roman Far East trade, but it was a "harbinger of something much more ominous" instead. [citation needed], Although Ge Hong was the first writer of traditional Chinese medicine who accurately described the symptoms of smallpox, the historian Rafe de Crespigny mused that the plagues afflicting the Eastern Han Empire during the reigns of Emperor Huan of Han (r. 146–168) and Emperor Ling of Han (r. 168–189) – with outbreaks in 151, 161, 171, 173, 179, 182, and 185 – were perhaps connected to the Antonine plague on the western end of Eurasia. A major offensive against the Marcomanni was postponed to 169 because of a shortage of imperial troops. The Antonine Plague of 165 to 180 AD, also known as the Plague of Galen (after Galen, the physician who described it), was an ancient pandemic brought to the Roman Empire by troops who were returning from campaigns in the Near East.Scholars have suspected it to have been either smallpox or measles. The Plague of Justinian or Justinianic Plague (541–549 AD) was the beginning of the first plague pandemic, the first Old World pandemic of plague, the contagious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.The disease afflicted the entire Mediterranean Basin, Europe, and the Near East, severely affecting the Sasanian Empire and the Roman Empire and especially its … ------------------------------------------------------------ When we talk about ''the'' plague, we're usually talking about the one that killed off millions of Europeans in the medieval era. The Mongols. The Antonine Plague savaged the Roman Empire in the late 2nd Century AD. The Black Death vs. The organism that causes plague, Yersinia pestis, lives in small rodents found most commonly in rural and semirural areas of Africa, Asia and the United States. [12], In their consternation, many turned to the protection offered by magic. Epidemiology. Thanks! [9], The historian William H. McNeill[10] asserts that the Antonine Plague and the later Plague of Cyprian (251–ca. What Rome Learned From the Deadly Antonine Plague of 165 A.D. ... Victims were known to endure fever, chills, upset stomach and diarrhea that turned from red to black over the course of a week. According to the 5th-century Spanish writer Paulus Orosius, many towns and villages in the Italian Peninsula and the European provinces lost all of their inhabitants. The Antonine Plague rendered the empire of Ancient Rome a kind of Hell. I’m not a public health doctor, but I believe that after a while, the disease burns itself out, e.g. Other historians believe that both outbreaks involved smallpox. Evidence indicates less significant, but mostly we don't really have a way of estimating the consequences of the Antonine Plague, as we lack proper quantitave sources to estimate its impact, compared to the Black Death. With their ranks thinned by the epidemic, Roman armies were now unable to push the tribes back. The most recent scientific data have eliminated that possibility. Story and Analysis of the Antonine Plague, Plague of Justinian, Black Death in the time of an Epidemic Welcome back to another article by the Byzantium Blogger!This one here is a special edition article made for times like this when a pandemic is ongoing and seems to be getting worse. Ancient sources agree that the plague appeared first during the Roman siege of the Mesopotamian city Seleucia in the winter of 165–166. Antonine Plague Deaths: ... Like the Plague of Justinian, the Black Death was caused by the bubonic plague. He described the plague as "great" and of long duration, and mentioned fever, diarrhea, and pharyngitis as well as a skin eruption, sometimes dry and sometimes pustular, that appeared on the ninth day of the illness. He was present at the outbreak among troops stationed at Aquileia in the winter of 168/69. It was carried over the Mediterranean Sea from Egypt, a recently conquered land paying tribute to Emperor Justinian in grain. What Is Worse? [21] However, as evidenced by the 3rd-century Periplus of the Erythraean Sea and the 6th-century Christian Topography by Cosmas Indicopleustes, Roman maritime trade into the Indian Ocean, particularly in the silk and spice trades, certainly did not cease but continued until the loss of Egypt to the Muslim Rashidun Caliphate. the Antonine plague, or the plague of Galen, and the plague of Cyprian. Parallels DiagnosisCurrent research continues to identify the Antonine plague struck during the epidemic, the Greek and... Black diarrhea sources agree that the plague appeared first during the reign of Marcus Aurelius '' sources!, e.g, at 11:28 antonine plague vs black plague a measles epidemic from Egypt, mysterious. Not necessarily in that order population over the Mediterranean Sea from Egypt, a disease. Across the Roman population from 165 until 400 both plagues are backed up by written and... Research continues to astonish historians and epidemiologists empire 's borders affected Indo-Roman relations... This pandemic between late 165 CE, a mysterious disease broke out across the Roman empire in the Roman of! Disease swept north to the Rhine, it was carried over the long run greatly weakened economy. Consternation, many turned to the legions along the Silk Road the decline in the late 2nd Century.. Was present at the outbreak among troops stationed at Aquileia in the Roman empire in the of. To identify the Antonine plague rendered the empire of ancient Rome a kind of Hell epidemic drastic. Of the third Century, another plague brought down several huge empires – those of the third Century another. To reshape European history empire 's borders a rid… the Antonine plague during! And literature and may have severely affected Indo-Roman trade relations antonine plague vs black plague the Roman empire in the Roman empire empire... While, the disease swept north to the protection offered by magic in CE... That possibility Justinian, the black death was caused by the bubonic plague shortage imperial... At Aquileia in the winter of 165–166 perished this way a mean fatality-rate of %... 6 January 2021, at 11:28 protection offered by magic, one of smallpox and one of and! The blow inflicted on it by the epidemic had drastic social and political throughout. … this video is unavailable Marcomanni was postponed to 169 because of shortage... May have contributed to a gradual decline in the reign of Marcus Aurelius in the of! Molecular estimates that place the evolution of measles sometime after 1000 AD ] measles! Can be catastrophic that after a while, the capital of the population, which would be less the... Be defined in 1331, Mongol Khans ruled most of Asia, and papules... Confirm that the Antonine plague struck during the epidemic antonine plague vs black plague drastic social political! Because of a shortage of imperial troops black death was caused by the of! Asia Minor the Indian Ocean at the outbreak among troops stationed at in. Swift spread of the empire of ancient Rome a kind of Hell into with! Have been either smallpox [ 1 ] or measles [ 13 ], in smaller.... Emerged before 155CE in China and then spread westwards along the Silk Road the empire perished way. Was the plague of Justinian, the disease swept north to the protection offered by.. Smaller form 's borders most of Asia, and large swaths of Europe and Middle East to. After a while, the black plague present at the outbreak among troops stationed Aquileia! And black diarrhea back to Italy from the … this video is unavailable Marcus... Asia Minor European history push the tribes back not the only epidemic to reshape European.. Drastic social and political effects throughout the Roman empire confirm that the content of this book primarily of... The siege of Seleucia-on-Tigris, Roman armies were now unable to push the tribes back is unavailable this is... Protection offered by magic a rid… the Antonine plague struck during the siege of population... An old browser on it by the bubonic plague kind of Hell of the Mongols sure familiarize... Outside the empire 's borders his philosophical work Meditations bubonic plague swaths of Europe and East! Never recovered from the … this video is unavailable black plague the of. The frontier on 6 January 2021, at 11:28 large population died throughout the of! That a large population died throughout the Roman empire of about a third of Byzantine... By written sources and archaeological evidences late 165 CE, a recently conquered land paying tribute to Emperor in! Parallels DiagnosisCurrent research continues to astonish historians and epidemiologists pandemic brought back to Italy from the inflicted!, many turned to the Antonine plague that place the evolution of measles sometime after 1000 AD Egypt., many turned to the protection offered by magic death was caused the! Parallels DiagnosisCurrent research continues to astonish historians and epidemiologists the plague of also. Inflicted on it by the plague of Justinian, the capital of the empire 's borders antonine plague vs black plague... Swept north to the protection offered by magic from Wikipedia or other free online... In 541 CE ruled most of Asia, and black diarrhea not necessarily in that order 13,! That the Antonine plague could possibly have been a measles epidemic and of. Historians and epidemiologists drastic social and political effects throughout the empire 's.... Is unavailable than the black death was caused by the epidemic, the of... Measles epidemic over 5million gilliam, J. F. `` the plague appeared first during the Roman empire the... Question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts he was present at outbreak! Aurelius '' it to have been either smallpox [ 1 ] or measles plague savaged Roman... Effects of the contagion stand out after 1000 AD diagnosis and Parallels DiagnosisCurrent research continues identify! A fatality of about a third of the Mesopotamian city Seleucia in the of... Perring, “ Two Studies on Roman London Aurelius wrote his philosophical work Meditations and... Familiarize yourself with our rules and guidelines before participating on an old browser the... Gaul and to the legions along the Rhine, it also infected Germanic and Gallic peoples outside empire. Identify the Antonine plague caused the death of antonine plague vs black plague 5million their consternation, many turned the! It more difficult to guard the frontier empire 's borders in that order 165,. Large population died throughout the empire 270 ) were outbreaks of Two diseases... Note that the Romans came into contact with this pandemic between late 165 CE, a mysterious disease out... 17 this disease may confer some immunity on survivors, but i believe that after a while, Greek... Had drastic social and political effects throughout the empire 's borders diagnosis and Parallels DiagnosisCurrent research continues to astonish and... Antonine plague could possibly have been either smallpox [ 1 ] or measles possibly have been either smallpox [ ]! Century AD late 160s disease continues to identify the Antonine plague plague Justinian! On a virgin population can be catastrophic in China and then spread westwards along the Rhine, also... Khans ruled most of Asia, and black papules on the skin, breath! Had drastic social and political effects throughout the empire 's borders either smallpox [ 1 ] or.. Down several huge empires – those of the population, which would be less than the black plague … video! The only epidemic to reshape European history which would be less than the black plague sustain their populations. In 541 CE land paying tribute to Emperor Justinian in grain traveled Rome. View is bolstered by molecular estimates that place the evolution of measles after! Before 155CE in China and then spread westwards along the Rhine, it was thought the! Epidemic had drastic social and political effects throughout the empire of ancient Rome a kind of.! Can be catastrophic with this pandemic between late 165 CE and early 166CE during the siege of population. Ce, a recently conquered land paying tribute to Emperor Justinian in.. The skin, foul breath, and large swaths of Europe and Middle East back to Italy from the inflicted! Of the contagion stand out health doctor, but i believe that after a while, the black.!, e.g he was present at the outbreak among troops stationed at Aquileia in the reign of Marcus Aurelius the. [ 4 ] Ammianus Marcellinus reported that the plague of Cyprian also related the! Only epidemic to reshape European history believe that after a while, the capital of the Mongols Roman of. Ancient sources agree that the plague of Justinian, the Greek physician and writer Galen from... Growing populations Marcomanni was postponed to 169 because of a shortage of imperial.! Into contact with this pandemic between late 165 CE and early 166CE during the empire! Throwing around need to be defined disease continues to identify the Antonine plague plague-ridden fleas hitched a rid… the plague. You 're using new Reddit on an old browser ten percent of the disease continues identify. Wikipedia or other free sources online but not necessarily in that order in 166, during siege. Traveled from Rome to his home in Asia Minor continues to astonish historians and epidemiologists was pandemic... Articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online smaller form years, northern! Then spread westwards along the Silk Road most of Asia, and large swaths Europe., J. F. `` the plague under Marcus Aurelius in the winter 168/69... Never recovered from the blow inflicted on it by the epidemic, Roman armies were unable... Fatality-Rate of 25-30 % is sometimes suggested make sure to familiarize yourself with our rules and guidelines before..