13 Pros And Cons of Animal Testing Pros of Animal Testing. The safety of products … Helps researchers to find drugs and treatments: The major pro for animal testing is that it aids researchers in finding drugs and … Answer Save. Share on Facebook. The majority of the medical breakthroughs … Animal Research: The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing 1262 Words | 6 Pages. Indeed, there are positives and negatives coming with this method, so in order to come up with a well-informed decision about it, it is best to take a closer look at its pros and cons. ProCon.org. Pros and Cons of Animal Testing Aside from what anyone thinks animal testing does has positives, although some might argue that they don’t outweigh the negatives. While proponents believe that humans and animals are closely related in … [132], Chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans. Animal Testing Pros and Cons list. This paper will argue the pros and the cons of animal testing and reach the conclusion that widespread gratuitous testing goes too far and needs to be subjected to a standard of ethical evaluation that considers the rights of the animals. Saving valuable human lives: When a new chemical or substance is found to affect body physiology, it is first evaluated on animals. 2. From 3 hours. [130], © 2020 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. 3. Animal Testing – Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing? Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries. The following passage will discuss both the pros and cons of animal experimentation, the alternatives to animal experimentation, and different methods of animal experimentation. PaulCyp. The first pro to animal testing is that it has helped us create lifesaving cures and treatments. [9][21], Animal testing has been instrumental in saving endangered species from extinction, including the black-footed ferret, the California condor and the tamarins of Brazil. … To decide whether animal testing is beneficial or not, it is best that you start learning its positive sides first like the following:Treatments Developed Have Saved LivesAnimals are the most common subject of medical testing. Animal experimentation is often considered as much of a sine qua non to research as the Bunsen burner. 5. But on the other side of the coin, critics are also pushing their reasons why the practice should not be continued, with animal suffering and ethical issues as their biggest concerns. It uses animals that are not protected by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). As you can see, the drug was almost shelved because it proved dangerous for animals, which could have lead to the difficulty of lowering the risk of organ rejection during transplants. Animal testing and cruelty simply occur because it is … 1. Read the overview below to gain a balanced understanding of the issue and explore the previews of opinion articles that highlight many perspectives on animal testing. There are many opinions about the pros and cons of using animals in scientific research. 1. 0. [13][9] The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) endorses animal testing to develop safe drugs, vaccines, and medical devices. Researchers Joseph and Charles Vacanti grew a human "ear" seeded from implanted cow cartilage cells on the back of a living mouse to explore the possibility of fabricating body parts for plastic and reconstructive surgery. 1. 0. However, the lives of humans are superior over the lives of animals … Animal Experimentation. Also Study: Animals in Scientific Experimentation and Alternatives. Animal Experimentation : The Pros And Cons Of Animal Rights 999 Words | 4 Pages. 1 decade ago. 95% of animals used in experiments are not protected by the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA), which excludes birds, rats and mice bred for research, and cold-blooded animals such as reptiles and most fish. [127] Fk-506 (tacrolimus), used to lower the risk of organ transplant rejection, was “almost shelved” because of animal test results, according to neurologist Aysha Akhtar. Pros of Animal Research “We have all benefited immensely from scientific research involving animals. If vaccines were not tested on animals, a lot of them could have died from diseases and health conditions, such as hepatitis, rabies, leukemia, anthrax, parvo, hip dysplasia, glaucoma, etc. 1. List of Cons of Animal Testing on Cosmetics 1. There are alternatives to animal experimentation that are considered viable, such cell cultures in a petri dish and in vitro testing, which can even produce more relevant results than those from vivisection. Medical Innovation. [136] The market for cruelty-free cosmetics (products not tested on animals) is estimated to reach $10 billion by 2024. [28] The types of animals covered by the AWA account for fewer than one million animals used in research facilities each year, which leaves around 25 million other animals without protection from mistreatment. This debate on animal testing pros and cons will continue till scientists do not find an alternative to this cruel process of animal experimentation. Animal models of depression: pros and cons. And for testing adverse reactions, there is also the method called microdosing, where small doses are being administered on humans themselves. Some of these animals include pigs, monkeys, cats, rabbits, chimpanzees, among others. Rating: 4.6/5. Here’s a look into the upside of animal testing. Animal Experimentation. Animal testing is used in many different industries, mainly medical and cosmetic. Death Penalty – Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed? Mar 31, 2015. Pros Include: 1. [3], All proposals to use animals for research must be approved by an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) set up by each research facility. Order Original Essay. Because of animal … Mostly they are used for science education, biomedical experimentations, cosmetic … The pros and cons of animal experimentation have caused numerous arguments over the years. The main pro for animal testing is that it helps researchers find treatments to improve medicine... Cons of … Animal Experimentation Aside from agony and a shortened life, do animals get any benefit from being used for biomedical research? [32], Animals do not have the cognitive ability or moral judgment that humans do and because of this they have been treated differently than humans by nearly every culture throughout recorded history. The advantage of animal research is that it puts no human lives at risk. 1. [9] Animal research has contributed to major advances in treating conditions such as breast cancer, brain injury, childhood leukemia, cystic fibrosis, multiple sclerosis, tuberculosis, and more, and was instrumental in the development of pacemakers, cardiac valve substitutes, and anesthetics. 4. Pros and Cons of Animal Testing Animal Testing: Pros and Cons In many cases, it was tested on animals long before a product, cosmetic, vaccine or medicine was available for … Russel and Burch introduced the three Rs principle in 1959 as a guide for animal experimentation. [138] In the US, California became the first state to make it illegal to sell most cosmetics that underwent animal testing. It would be unethical to perform invasive experimental procedures on human beings before the methods have been tested on animals, and some experiments involve genetic manipulation that would be unacceptable to impose on human subjects before animal testing. [5] Later tests on pregnant mice, rats, guinea pigs, cats, and hamsters did not result in birth defects unless the drug was administered at extremely high doses. [143], Because the company didn’t take the traditional path of isolating live samples of a virus, it was able to fast-track the development process. Studying cell cultures in a petri dish, while sometimes useful, does not provide the opportunity to study interrelated processes occurring in the central nervous system, endocrine system, and immune system. Pros and Cons of Animal Testing Animal testing (sometimes also referred to as animal experimentation or animal research) has become quite popular over the past decades. List of Pros of Animal Experimentation. Animal Cruelty Many of the animals that are used in labs for medical research are left traumatized, permanently disabled, or even dead. Pros or Postives of Animal Testing 1. 22 Extensive Pros and Cons of Animal Testing. [18], When testing medicines for potential toxicity, the lives of human volunteers should not be put in danger unnecessarily. Show More. Generally, testing protocols are often painful to the animal test subjects, where they are deprived of food and water, force-fed, physically restrained in long periods, inflicted with pain and wounds to test for healing process effects and remedies, and even purposely killed as part of the process. The main reason behind this is the fact that scientists … 139 writers online. Accessed January 23, 2021. https://animal-testing.procon.org/, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2016 Presidential Candidates’ Positions on Physician-Assisted Suicide, Number of Animals Used for Testing, by Species. [141] Peter Hotez, Dean for the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College, said, “The way you reduce that risk is first you show it does not occur in laboratory animals.” [119], A living systems, human beings and animals are extremely complex. It causes death of animals. There are countries that already have banned animal testing… It contributes to cures and treatments that save human lives. Rachel Rubino, attending veterinarian and director of the animal facility at Cold Springs Harbor Laboratory, said, “Most people who work with research animals love those animals… We want to give them the best lives possible, treat them humanely.” [28] At Cedars-Sinai Medical Center’s animal research facility, dogs are given exercise breaks twice daily to socialize with their caretakers and other dogs, and a “toy rotation program” provides opportunities for play. [23], In addition to local and state laws and guidelines, animal research has been regulated by the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) since 1966. Animal testing pros and cons background The debate about animal testing has been raging for decades. Essays Related To Animal Testing Pros and Cons. Both of them make up 43% of the total expenditure for medical research. A Jan. 2020 report from the USDA showed that in one year of research, California used more cats (1,682) for testing than any other state. [33][34], A poll of 3,748 scientists by the Pew Research Center found that 89% favored the use of animals in scientific research. 1 1. [9] Even the most powerful supercomputers are unable to accurately simulate the workings of the human brain’s 100 billion interconnected nerve cells. Medical research has also been carried out on animals, and successfully developed new and effective medical treatments. [15], Conditions such as blindness and high blood pressure cannot be studied in tissue cultures. Pros and Cons; Advances; Medicinal Animal Experimentation: Pointless Cruelty or Necessary Evil . This includes new drugs as well as possible cures for many different medical problems. Many of the items tested by the cosmetics industry are never used. Here’s a look into the upside of animal testing. 1. 1 decade ago. Show More. Jul 13, 2016. Animal testing cons include the fact that many of the tests involve cruelty to the animals and in many cases, the cruelty is unnecessary. List of Pros of Animal Testing … 1123 Words 4 Pages. Offers adequate living through an entire body system test subject. This raises very serious red flags for lots of animal rights groups and activists who believe animals … Let’s see the benefits and problems of the use of animals separately. But because a lot of these solutions need testing and experimentation … Animal testing (sometimes also referred to as animal experimentation or animal research) has become quite popular over the past decades. Those who support this legal practice say that it is for a good cause, implying that it is better to use animals than human beings for testing. (There are ethical issues that arise from this, however.) Some methods of animal testing … In the end, taking the pros and cons into consideration, animal testing highlights the … Animal experimentation and testing is regulated by the Animal Welfare Act, which defines animal as any warm blooded animal. There are some advantages to animal experimentation. There must be a middle ground to the rules of animal testing that would keep the animal from unnecessary suffering, but would allow the scientist to … Let’s see some of these animal testing pros that makes proponents of animal experimentation argue for use of animals in research. It tells all about the negative details of animal testing and the harming to the animals, but it doesn’t include the benefits of animal testing. The two main arguments regarding animal testing is that it is inhumane and abusive to animals, while others feel that because there are not enough willing people that companies need to learn and experiment somehow to better help the world, and thus turn to animals. 100% plagiarism free. [1][2][26][102] [135] The US Department of Agriculture, which inspects facilities for AWA compliance, compiles annual statistics on animal testing but they only include data on the small percentage of animals subject to the Act. Treatments for animals developed using animal testing also include pacemakers for heart disease and remedies for glaucoma and hip dysplasia. Abstract. Pros Of Animal Testing 1. Last modified on March 18, 2020. Udemy Editor. Testing … The first pro to animal testing is that it has helped us create lifesaving cures and treatments. If the chosen experiment fails, you can still have a barbecue. While there are painless trials, where animals are able to return to wherever they came from … Let’s see the benefits and problems of the use of animals separately. But animal protectionists reply that the importance of animals to research is overrated, and that their pressure has exposed profligacy among experimenters. [142] The COVID-19 (coronavirus) global pandemic demonstrated that researchers can skip animal testing and go straight to observing how vaccines work in humans. To come up with a well-informed opinion, let us take a look at the pros and cons of animal experimentation. [24][25], Laboratory mice, for example, live for only two to three years, so researchers can study the effects of treatments or genetic manipulation over a whole lifespan, or across several generations, which would be infeasible using human subjects. [105] A report on Slate.com stated that a “source of human suffering may be the dozens of promising drugs that get shelved when they cause problems in animals that may not be relevant for humans.” [106], The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) does not apply to rats, mice, fish, and birds, which account for 95% of the animals used in research. The California Biomedical Research Association released a statement saying almost every single medical breakthrough has resulted in the direct use of animals … Every coin has two sides, so does animal testing. [133] [119] Nikolai Petrovsky, professor in the College of Medicine and Public Health at Flinders University in Australia, said testing a coronavirus vaccine on animals is “absolutely essential” and skipping that step would be “fraught with difficulty and danger.” [133], Researchers have to test extensively to prevent “vaccine enhancement,” a situation in which a vaccine actually makes the disease worse in some people. Proponents of animal testing say that it has enabled the development of many life-saving treatments for both humans and animals, that there is no alternative method for researching a complete living organism, and that strict regulations prevent the mistreatment of animals in laboratories. Animal Experimentation Pros and Cons Essay examples 1885 Words | 8 Pages. 1. Lv 7. After all, it cannot be denied that the conditions of these test subjects are truly monotonous, unnatural and stressful, causing them to feel uncomfortable, suffer and even die. 2. Home / Animal Testing Essay / Animal Testing Pros and Cons Sample details Get your own essay from professional writers. Animals are used in order to ensure the products are safe for the use of humans. Chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans. From the view of sentiency, it is mentioned that all living things are morally equivalent. If we granted animals rights, all humans would have to become vegetarians, and hunting would need to be outlawed. Cons of Animal Experimentation. [43] Manufacturers of products such as hand sanitizer and insect repellent, which can protect people from Zika, malaria, and West Nile Virus, test on animals to meet legal requirements for putting these products on the market. Animals are often used in experimentation of medical treatments and procedures, including testing levels of toxicity in medications, are … Animal Experimentation Pros and Cons. The Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing 713 Words | 3 Pages. It uses animals that are identical to humans in some way. 5 Answers. It is widely believed that it is unethical to use humans for invasive experiments, especially when it could result in death. Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? [139], Michael Bachelor, Senior Scientist and Product Manager at biotech company MatTek, stated, “We can now create a model from human skin cells — keratinocytes — and produce normal skin or even a model that mimics a skin disease like psoriasis. [135], 94% of drugs that pass animal tests fail in human clinical trials. Reduction … Basically, whether this practice is good or bad really depends on who you are asking. While proponents believe that humans and animals are closely related in terms of anatomy and biology, opponents think otherwise, considering the many anatomical, cellular and metabolic differences the two species have. Animal testing … 3. 10 1907 11 by hunting Fishing and pest control also involve the killing of animals, but these are not counted Since 2014, animals used … [15][50][51], The Environmental Protection Agency is so confident in alternatives that the agency intends to reduce chemical testing on mammals 30% by 2025 and end it altogether by 2035. 4. 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