Choose one of the cropping types below to go straight to the full range of potatoes, or, scroll down to the checklists and choose by culinary use: Potato Types PDF. Fries are made from fresh white potatoes. Use medium starch potatoes for steaming, baking, roasting, grilling, and au gratin dishes. The external link should not be considered an endorsement by Potatoes USA of the third party website or the company or organization that owns it, and Potatoes USA is not responsible for the accuracy or nature of the content of the linked website. The domestic demand has been increasing slowly over the years. Tubers have some resistance to bruising and splitting. The prize potato was officially recognised by the Guinness Book of Records in September 2010, beating the previous record of 7lb 13oz (3.5kg). When you are standing in front of bins of potatoes, which variety or type of potato will cook up the way you want it to? Please Note: You have clicked on a link to a website maintained by a third party and are about to leave the Potatoes USA website. Sweet potatoes have gained much popularity thanks to a strong promotion in Europe, especially by North American producers, and supermarkets catering to this trend. Red potatoes are a type of potato with a red skin and, typically, a smaller size than many potatoes. Your email address will not be published. to 2 lb. Most of these varieties are registered in Canada, some are in process of being registered and others have been deregistered. Her top picks are: Jersey Benne and Swift potatoes are my favourites for early season – I like to get them in right at the start of the season so we can have them on the Christmas table. Try growing in the ground, in large containers or potato growing bags.. January is the time to buy seed potatoes, but with so many varieties out there, it’s worth knowing which ones have the best flavour and biggest harvests. Sometimes called summer potatoes, red potatoes have a skin that is thinner than that found on many potato varieties and a white flesh that is firm and waxy. [Photograph: Shutterstock] It's not always easy to tell varieties of orange sweet potatoes apart. This is top ranked country in potato production in the world; its production cannot be matched with any other country due to its vast harvest. To see videos about what makes each type of potato unique, please visit our Potato Types Videos page. Once you know which type of potato you need for your particular dish, you can be as creative as you'd like when choosing varieties at the market. There are a number of different ways to prepare potatoes, among them Baked, Mashed, Roasted, Potato Salad, Au Gratin, and Scalloped. Yesterday I started us on a potato journey with a post about how to select the right kind of potato. BINTJE: A waxy potato that is an old Dutch variety with a lovely yellow flesh that's creamy and makes a beautiful potato salad and are also ideal for frying. Baking frozen potatoes is a great time-saving option for breakfast, lunch, dinner or a snack. Others are rare varieties. A key benefit of using certified seed potatoes for your home crop is being able to grow the exact variety you want. The largest potatoes in my garden have weighed about 12 ounces each. Garden varieties are exempt from registration (see directive D … Sometimes various varieties of round red potatoes are sold under the moniker "new potatoes," especially in the spring. So that’s an average of just under 1 ½ pounds per russet. For example, if you're thinking of making a potato gratin, you know you're looking for a firm, waxy potato -- you can choose from a bright blue Purple Peruvian, a yellow Inca Gold, or any other waxy variety. There are more than 200 varieties of potatoes sold throughout the United States. An amateur gardener has grown the heaviest potato in the world. Like potatoes cooked by other methods, fries provide important shortfall nutrients and are now prepared with healthier oils. deep dark pink fruit with luxurious flavor and sets fruit readily in hot weather. They can be whipped together with a few healthy ingredients in 30 minutes or less for a delicious meal. This variety has low resistance to blackleg. Sometimes called the American Giant, the White Rose type of potato is a large, long white potato that has a high yield. Use our guide to learn about potato history as well as the unique qualities and nutritional value of popular potato varieties. CIP’s Role in Sowing Potatoes. Over 99% of presently cultivated potatoes worldwide descended from varieties that originated in the lowlands of south-central Chile. For example, the variety produces less waste, and it results in a larger production than Maris Peer, one of the largest British potato varieties. Irish Cobbler, a popular heirloom variety, has a strong potato flavour and makes excellent mashed potatoes. Canadian Potato Varieties - Descriptions. This is a list of potato varieties or cultivars.Potato cultivars can have a range of colors due to the accumulation of anthocyanins in the tubers. This is because they are super floury, meaning that all that starch transforms into wispy fluff when it meets its fate in the oven. As of 2014, potatoes were the world's fourth-largest food crop after maize (corn), wheat, and rice. Desiree potato. Take note that some varieties are protected by the Plant Breeders' Rights Act. Easy to prepare and pair with a variety of cuisines, potatoes lend themselves to convenient meal prep to fuel workouts throughout the week. Contrary to popular belief, dehydrated/instant potatoes found in boxes in the center aisle of the grocery store are REAL potatoes. Cygnet PB are the UK’s largest independent potato breeder and one of the largest seed potato growers in the country. They are, by far, the best common variety for that holiest of holy of recipes: roast potatoes. Innovations in food science and technology are driving continuous improvement to ensure this nutritious and popular vegetable continues to align with dietary guidance. These classic, regal potatoes are not only king in name, but king in nature. There are three key types of potatoes, first early, second early and maincrop. Some are better for roasting, while others are best for boiling. In its statistics, the USDA distinguishes a spring, summer and fall potato crop, but the fall potato crop is by far the largest segment, typically accounting for over 90% of … The Chinese government has plans to increase production significantly since the crop has the highest per acreage income than other crops. Download our Potato Reference Guide to Potato Types for comprehensive fresh potato product information and technical specifications. New variety. Learn more about red potatoes varieties in this article. Learn more about the characteristics and cooking recommendations for each type of potato below. The potatoes that remain intact are of the "moist, waxy" variety; the ones that fall apart are in the "dry, mealy" category. 'Early Rose' Potato Learn more about the characteristics and cooking recommendations for each type of potato below. When eaten in moderation, fries can be part of a healthy, well-balanced diet. Take a trip down the frozen aisle of any grocery story and you’ll find many different frozen potato options, from wedges, shreds, hash browns and tots to slices, dices, crinkle cut and waffle fries. Privacy Policy. These white-fleshed potatoes have a … Potato Varieties. CIP’s genebank ensures that they are both securely conserved for the long-term and also available for use by farmers, breeders, and researchers. If you have ever wanted to find out about different potato varieties, the differences in how they taste and which recipes they work best with, then you have found it. Peter Glazebrook grew the 8lb 4oz (3.8kg) spud in his back garden in Hallam, near Newark in Nottinghamshire. The main varieties in the red potato family are well suited to baking, roasting and boiling. Use high starch potatoes for baking, frying, and mashing. A guide to potato varieties and types: • Russet potatoes —also called old potatoes, baking potatoes, or Idaho potatoes (if they were grown in Idaho)—have an oblong, elliptical shape, and a rough, netted, brown skin with numerous eyes and white flesh. Besides, about 15 percentage is used in processed potato products like frozen Fr… Easy Oven Roasted Potatoes - The Flour Handprint, FRIED SMASHED RED POTATOES is a new twist on an old mash-up - Molly's Kitchen, Crispy-Skinned Smashed Red Potatoes with Salt & Herbs | Southern Cravings, How to Store Harvest, Cure, and Store Winter Squash. The Biggest Tomatoes! Use low starch potatoes for boiling, roasting, grilling, sautés, stews, salads, and au gratin dishes. Annabel likes to try different heritage varieties of potatoes, and plant a variety to give a good harvest throughout the year. These products are instantly quick frozen to lock in the taste and nutrients of fresh potatoes, and maintain a longer shelf life. We generated a Top 6 potato varieties based on the USDA data for the 2016 fall potato crop. The humble potato comes in a surprisingly wide range of shapes, sizes, textures and even colours – think pink, white and purple varieties, and an array of flesh types suited to different cooking methods. Early maincrop variety producing very high yields of long-oval tubers with pale yellow flesh. Today I’m going to show you the loot I picked up from the farmers’ market last week: sixteen varieties of potatoes. Find instructions below on a few of the most popular ways to cook a potato. King Edward. Excellent bright skin finish with shallow eyes. Container and Pot Sizes: How Much Soil Do I Need? Download our Potato Reference Guide to Potato Types, https://www.potatogoodness.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Food52-Potatoes-USA-Potato-Pro-Bring-Out-the-Best-in-These-3-Types-1.mp4, https://www.potatogoodness.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Potatoes-USA_v12-1.mp4. Each of these varieties fit into one of seven potato type categories: russet, red, white, yellow, blue/purple, fingerling and petite. The Scottish company Grampian Growers also announced a new potato variety in 2015. These plants produce fruit from 2 to 6 lbs. Dehydrated/instant potatoes provide significant amounts of potassium and some B vitamins, as well as smaller amounts of other vitamins and minerals including iron. These potatoes also have coloured skin, but many varieties with pink or red skin have white or yellow flesh, as do the vast majority of cultivated potatoes. Trials have found good resistance to potato leafroll virus and potato virus Yo . Some varieties of Idaho potatoes such as the Ranger can grow to be 4-5 pounds in size. Higher dry matter (typically 22%) than Estima giving good taste and eating qualities which are well received by the consumer. Following millennia of selective breeding, there are now over 5,000 different types of potatoes. The largest size potato Idaho sells commercially is a 35 count, or 35 potatoes in a carton weighing 50 pounds. 1884 ($6.75) (B) (HG) (E) 78 days.. 1884 is a superbly flavored old-time tomato which grows on a strong vigorous plant and produces big luscious 1 lb. Potato Types and Tips Video Collection For the most recent information on potato varieties from the Tri-State breeding program, … The Potato Association of America Mailing Address: 37637 Five Mile Road, #399 Livonia, MI 48154 Phone: (734) 239-8022 Fax: (734) 677-2407 E-mail: paaoffice@potatoassociation.org For detailed information on the two types of potato starch and how it affects texture, read The Best Cooking Techniques for Potatoes . There are more than 200 varieties of potatoes sold throughout the United States. Harvest To Table Early (new) varieties of potato can be harvested earlier compared to maincrop potato varieties. If you wish to know more about our breeding programme and variety … Food experts discovered that the Gemson potato had a few characteristics that are favourable to the environment. Each of these varieties fit into one of seven potato type categories: russet, red, white, yellow, blue/purple, fingerling and petite. From russets, reds, yellows, whites, purples, fingerlings and petites, there are a variety of potato options to fuel the body and the brain throughout the day. CIP maintains the largest collection of potato in the world, including more than 7,000 accessions of native, wild, and improved varieties. Re: Large jacket potato - varieties please « Reply #7 on: January 04, 2011, 19:05:35 » Desiree evey time - knock off some of the eyes on your seed to leave … Seed Potatoes Varieties. The skin is not as easily damaged during digging as that of some of the other heirloom varieties. First early seed potatoes take around 80 days after planting to mature and should be ready to start harvesting in mid June 2017 in average areas of the UK. Some are common varieties and available from farmers in many potato-growing regions. Click ‘OK’ to continue, or ‘Cancel’ to return to PotatoGoodness.com. A new sweet potato variety developed in Canada called Radiance is now ready for commercial release in 2019. Now you've selected which type of potato you want to grow, it's time to select a specific variety. But there are varieties that fall in the centre, holding both waxy and firm qualities. Step 2: How to choose a potato variety. They also require much less space to grow than later varieties, so are ideal for small gardens. Thanks to the careful processing techniques used, dehydrated/instant potato products retain most of their nutrition. Discover your favorite type of spud by learning about the differences in fluffy, smooth and salad potatoes. This variety is suitable for a range of uses including crisping, french fries, processing (starch / flake) as well as table use. Katahdin potatoes This variety – with its classic potato flavour – is ideal for making French Fries, but the fluffy, creamy, and soft texture of the Katahdin makes them a poor choice for any dish that requires the potatoes to hold their shape. Love Potatoes is a government-supported project that is home for a selection of healthy, quick and easy potato recipes and informative articles. Whole potatoes are actually put through an advanced process to create premium dehydrated/instant potato products. In fact, it’s just the tip of the iceberg. Floury potatoes, on the other hand, fluff up when they’re cooked, making them perfect for chips, roast potatoes or baking. New Potatoes. Waxy potatoes hold their shape and have a firm bite, so they’re great for salads or simply boiled and dressed with butter. 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