Not all late varieties are adapted to short-season climates. Understanding clone designations Potatoes at WSU , PO Box 646414, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-6414, 509-335-9502 This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn. All rights reserved. Brown Horse Sweet Potatoes. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. • Russet potatoes —also called old potatoes, baking potatoes, or Idaho potatoes (if they were grown … Also known as Blue Marker, River John Blue, Fenton Blue, and many other names, the All Blue potato is an heirloom variety believed to have discovered over 100 years ago. From Johnny's Selected Seeds. It is one of the most common sweet potatoes available in the market. For this reason, even mature waxy potatoes are often referred to as “new.” Their thin skins make new potatoes excellent for eating unpeeled, and they’re best boiled or roasted and in soups and salads. Shape: Round or oblong, slightly flattened, Use: Best roasted; also whizzed into soup. The process can take as many as 15 years and involves hundreds of tests. Japanese Sweet Potato (starchy) This variety has a pink to purple skin with white flesh. For a few years now, most of the potatoes I’ve grown have been nutty, early, French salad potatoes. Potatoes are versatile for a wide variety of culinary uses, make a great storage crop and are generally simple to grow. Good disease resistance. Learn more about the characteristics and cooking recommendations for each type of potato below. Compared to russets, white potatoes, such as Onaway and Elba have smoother, thinner and lighter-colored... Waxy Potatoes… As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. Potatoes are usually harvested in the fall or early winter, and then ‘cured’ underground for several weeks to increase their shelf life. Varieties Available by State. Known for its great flavor, the Red Norland is an early-maturing variety of Norland potatoes that was first produced in Nebraska during the 1960s. Discovered in the 1960s, the Yukon Gold is a large cultivar that can be distinguished by its smooth skin containing shallow eyes. Red potato varieties are also a good source of vitamin B6; are fat, sodium and cholesterol free; and (this was a shocker) are an excellent source of potassium – even more than a banana! Some potatoes are better for certain recipes than others, but if you are looking for an all-purpose potato, try growing some of the white potato varieties. It is a flavorful potato characterized by a meaty flesh. Use: Ideally baked; can be fried and mashed. Read on to find out which potatoes fit into these three basic categories. Color: Dark yellow or tan skin, pale yellow flesh, Use: Ideal for boiling, roasting, steaming; good for salads. (Marshalls) 'Harmony' large crop of round potatoes that can be used boiled, mashed or backed. These young potatoes are called new potatoes, and are usually sold at the farmers’ market. First produced in the 1870s, these potatoes became famous for their use in French fries and they now constitute approximately 70% of the total potato sales in the US. This variety tends to be slightly less rich in flavor than some of the others, but their unusual color lends dishes an exotic appeal. It belongs to the heirloom variety and should not be confused with the new potatoes. Famous for their yellow hue and rich flavor, Yukon golds are in many ways the best of both worlds. Varieties of potatoes that have medium levels of starch, sugar, and moisture are all-purpose potato types. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. 'Early Rose' (Solanum tuberosum 'Early Rose') Introduced commercially in 1861, 'Early Rose' is one of … That being said, you'll have by far the best success when you think carefully about your needs and select varieties for your climate and situation, because each variety has unique qualities that make it well-suited to a certain place or purpose. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. 'Rudolph' with a red skin and white flesh. The list below shows that there is more to it than the common Russets. Its flavor is … It is an ideal choice for making chips because it retains its moisture and firmness after cooking. The following varieties are indeterminate, at least to a certain degree: In my opinion, are the best for mashing, baking, and frying. First early seed potatoes take around 80 days after planting to mature and should be ready to start harvesting in mid June 2017 in average areas of the UK. New varieties are constantly being developed, so every growing season offers the opportunity to try a different type of disease-resistant potato. To help determine which potatoes to use for various culinary applications, they are often categorized based on their contents (starch compounds and solid-to-water ratio) and texture. It has a firm, dry, and fine texture and is rich in Vitamin C and amylopectin starch. It is characterized by a sweet and nutty flavor. Color: Reddish or purplish skin, creamy white flesh. It is a type of French heirloom fingerling characterized by a high fat content and buttery, hazelnut flavor. ‘Red Gold’ ‘Red Gold’ offers a … Your email address will not be published. Color: Dark blue skin, blue flesh with a white ring, Use: Best baked, roasted, and steamed for salads. Potato Variety Descriptions (NDSU):- North Dakota varieties released. Use this potato varieties chart to quickly compare culinary use, storage potential, color, and shape of our potato varieties. This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. As a starchy white potato, the Russets turn dry and mealy when baked and they contain high amounts of amylose. Shape: Oblong, cylindrical, with rounded or tapered ends. These factors play a role in placing potatoes in starchy (mealy), waxy, and all-purpose categories. For the most recent information on potato varieties from the Tri-State breeding program, visit the Potato Variety Management Institute (PVMI). We recommend our users to update the browser. Colorado Variety Profiles: Norkotah clones 3 and 8, Cherry Red, Legend. Color: Light gold skin, light yellow flesh. (Marshalls) 'Markies' a good all round potato with good disease resistance. Yellow Potatoes - Yellow potatoes have thin gold skin and yellow flesh. 19, 2019 This handy guide will help you choose the right potato every time. The Purple Majesty, known for its rich flavor and blue skin, is a medium-sized all-purpose potato variety that has plenty of antioxidants. This testing is undertaken through UK National List testing and the AHDB Potatoes-funded Independent Variety Trials (IVT) programme. Characterized by a firm texture, the Russian Banana is a popular small-sized potato variety that has a rich taste similar to a fingerling potato. Pictured below are potato varieties created in Aberdeen by our breeders. Here in the US, we classify potatoes as one of these seven types: Russet Potatoes - Russets are large potatoes with rough brown skin and pale flesh. Although undermined for its high carb content, a potato is pretty nutritious. These kinds of all-purpose tubers are good for use in most recipes. It is a common red-skinned variety with high sugar content and moist, translucent flesh that turns gummy when mashed. Shape: Slender, cylindrical, with rounded ends. When picking a determinate potato to grow, the most popular types are: Caribe Norland Russet Norkotah Red Norland Ratte Potatoes Chieftain Yukon Gold Sierra Rose Sierra Gold Gold Rush Adirondack Blue Adirondack Red There are three key types of potatoes, first early, second early and maincrop. Potato Varieties (Michigan): the MSU breeding program website. A reliable old favourite that remains as popular as ever! Fingerlings’ waxy texture makes them ideal for roasting, puréeing, or using in salads with or without the skin. https://www.marthastewart.com/1539281/potato-guide-starchy-waxy-all-purpose Which is best for mashing or roasting? Potato cultivars such as Yukon Gold and Marcy hold their shape well and have a fluffy texture when cooked. Also called the Sweet Hannah or Yellow Hannah, this variety of sweet potato is similar to Jewel Yam but its skin and flesh are lighter in color. Potato, a tuberous root vegetable of the nightshade plant Solanum tuberosum, is one of the most popular food crops in the world after maize, wheat, and rice. It is commonly found in both local stores and specialty markets. Your email address will not be published. It is a medium-sized potato variety that originated in North America during the 1970s. Characterized by their rough brown skin and white flesh, varieties such as Butte fall into the dry/mealy end of... White Potatoes The site retains many of the features that users of the previous site will be familiar with, including all the botanical and disease data provided by institutes throughout Europe. Blight, specifically, can also be avoided by growing varieties that are typically harvested before the hot and humid weather of late summer increases the risk of blight. All potato breeding selections undergo a strenuous evaluation process before being released as varieties. Once you know which type of potato you need for your particular dish, you can be as creative as you'd like when choosing varieties at the market. Good for roasting and baking. Potatoes 101: A Guide to the Most Common Varieties Reader's Digest Editors Updated: Jul. It does not belong to the true yam family, but is a type of sweet potato and a member of the morning glory family of plants and trees. This quality allows them to easily absorb milk and melted butter, making them the perfect potato for baking, mashing, and making gnocchi. Each of these varieties fit into one of seven potato type categories: russet, red, white, yellow, blue/purple, fingerling and petite. It is a popular variety of Satsuma-imo or sweet potato that is rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. © 2021 (Only Foods). Color: Pale yellow or khaki skin, with light brown spots, yellow flesh, Use: Best for frying, steaming, roasting, grilling, or sautéing. The Red Thumb is a late-season type of fingerling potatoes known for its resistance to disease, uniform size, and ease of storage. Technically, any potato picked before the height of maturity—generally in the spring or early summer—is a new potato. Color: Red skin, yellow/off-white/white flesh, Use: Best for roasting, boiling, and using in soups, salads, or stews. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. As a winter potato, or for extensive cultivation for market, it is one of the best of all potato varieties; and commends itself to the farmer, both as respects quality and yield, as being greatly superior to the Peach-blow, Pink-eye, Vermont White, and many similar varieties, which so abound in city markets. Get the latest recipes and tips delivered right to your inbox. 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