The plague affected Roman culture and literature and may have severely affected Indo-Roman trade relations in the Indian Ocean. When we talk about ''the'' plague, we're usually talking about the one that killed off millions of Europeans in the medieval era. Evidence indicates less significant, but mostly we don't really have a way of estimating the consequences of the Antonine Plague, as we lack proper quantitave sources to estimate its impact, compared to the Black Death. [13], The epidemic had drastic social and political effects throughout the Roman Empire. See Duncan-Jones, “Antonine Plague.” 7. [15] De Crespigny suggests that the plagues led to the rise of the cult faith healing millenarian movement led by Zhang Jue (d. 184), who instigated the disastrous Yellow Turban Rebellion (184–205). Others experienced red and black papules on the skin, foul breath, and black diarrhea. A: London’s Military Origins; B: Population Decline and Ritual Landscapes in Antonine London,” Journal of Roman Archaeology 24 (2011), pp. This video is unavailable. 270) were outbreaks of two different diseases, one of smallpox and one of measles but not necessarily in that order. The Antonine Plague, which flared up during the reign of Marcus Aurelius from 165 AD and continued under the rule of his son Commodus, played such a major role that the pathocenosis in the Ancient World was changed. [24][25][26], The angel of death striking a door during the plague of Rome: an engraving by Levasseur after. Make sure to familiarize yourself with our rules and guidelines before participating. Posted by Powee Celdran. 19 But inevitably there is regional variation. The Antonine plague, and its twin, the Cyprian plague – both now widely thought to have been caused by a smallpox strain – ravaged the Roman Empire from A.D. 165 to 262. 18 A mean fatality-rate of 25-30% is sometimes suggested. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. As he lay dying, he uttered the words, "Weep not for me; think rather of the pestilence and the deaths of so many others." The Antonine Plague rendered the empire of Ancient Rome a kind of Hell. there are no more victims left, some people have natural immunity or developed immunity by recovering from the disease, or have isolated themselves from all contact with other people until the disease … Thanks! Around 165 CE, a mysterious disease broke out across the Roman Empire. I don't have much to add to the particular question, but you might be interested in reading about the Justinian plague and how it affected the late roman empire as well :), New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Several sources confirm that the Romans came into contact with this pandemic between late 165 CE and early 166CE during the siege of Seleucia-on-Tigris. The ancient world never recovered from the blow inflicted on it by the plague which visited it in the reign of Marcus Aurelius. He describes the plague as "great… The disease broke out again nine years later, according to the Roman historian Dio Cassius (155–235), … Referred to as the Antonine Plague(after emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus), this epidemic did what hordes of … 17 This disease may confer some immunity on survivors, but its impact on a virgin population can be catastrophic. [20] McLaughlin surmised that the origins of the plague lay in Central Asia, from some unknown and isolated population group, which then spread to the Chinese and the Roman worlds. He was present at the outbreak among troops stationed at Aquileia in the winter of 168/69. It was carried over the Mediterranean Sea from Egypt, a recently conquered land paying tribute to Emperor Justinian in grain. When imperial forces moved east, under the command of Emperor Verus, after the forces of Vologases IV of Parthia attacked Armenia, the Romans' defense of the eastern territories was hampered when large numbers of troops succumbed to the disease. [12], In their consternation, many turned to the protection offered by magic. The plague is generally thought to have been smallpox or measles, more likely smallpox. There aren't as many estimates for the death toll from the Antonine Plague, it would seemingly be harder to study being much further back in time. He returned to Rome in 168 when summoned by the two Augusti; he was present at the outbreak among troops stationed at Aquileia in the winter of 168/69. All of the terms people keep throwing around need to be defined. A passage (IX.2) states that even the pestilence around him was less deadly than falsehood, evil behaviour and lack of true understanding. It was a pandemic brought back to Italy from the … Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The Black Death (bubonic plague) is estimated “to have killed 30% to 60% of Europe’s population,” a statistic that has been verified by researchers and historians. ", Rats, Lice and History: A Chronicle of Disease, Plagues, and Pestilence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antonine_Plague&oldid=998652072, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dio Cassius, LXXII 14.3–4; his book that would cover the plague under Marcus Aurelius is missing; the later outburst was the greatest of which the historian had knowledge. 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