The news of this year made an indelible mark on the nation with the assassination of JFK on November 22 in Dallas while he was visiting on a campaign trip. On September 30, 1966, Nazi Albert Speer was released from Spandau Prison after completing his 20-year sentence for war crimes. The Sixties dominated by the Vietnam War, Civil Rights Protests, the 60s also saw the assassinations of US President John F Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Cuban Missile Crisis, and finally ended on a good note when the first man is landed on the moon. On March 9, Joseph Stalin's daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva (Lana Peters) defected to the U.S. and arrived there in April 1967. Ten men stole £2.6 million from a Royal Mail train between Glasgow and London on August 8, now known as the Great Train Robbery. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback In Washington DC, Betty Friedan, Shirley Chisholm, Pauli Murray, and Muriel Fox founded the National Organization for Women on June 30. During the years 1900 to 1909, over eight million immigrants poured into the United States in search of jobs and opportunity. Events of the 1960-1969 Timeline created by ... Jan 20, 1961. Major Events of the 1960s Timeline created by hockeygirlliz. There’s still a debate as to who discovered it: Amerigo Vespucci or Christopher Columbus. ... See more Politics timelines. The first working laser, invented by several physicists over decades of research, was built by Theodore Maiman of the Hughes Research Laboratory in California on May 16th. Steve Wiegand is an award-winning political journalist and history writer. The war escalates throughout the 60s with military soldiers being sent in. Many other groups--including American Indians, Mexican Americans, and women--also began demanding fuller rights. The environmental research ship USS Pueblo, attached to Navy intelligence as a spy ship, was captured by North Korean forces on January 23. U.S. severs diplomatic relations with Cuba. The centrality of the Declaration of Independence (1776) to the developments of the 1770s is self-evident. Jul 3, 1950. Three astronauts—Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger B. Chaffee—were killed during a simulated launch of the first Apollo mission on January 27. The March on Washington of May 15 drew 200,000 protesters who witnessed the Rev. On June 12, civil rights activist Medgar Evers was murdered, and on September 15, the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was fire-bombed by white supremacists, killing four teenage girls and injuring 22 others. Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame fullback Jim Taylor (31) turns the corner with Kansas City Chiefs defensive tackle Andrew Rice (58) during the first Super Bowl. In June, LBJ nominated Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court, and on August 30, the Senate confirmed him as an associate justice. On the culture front, the news was big: The Beatles arrived in New York City on February 7 and took the U.S. by storm, changing music forever. Her subsequent arrest initiated a sustained bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. On November 10, "Sesame Street" came to public television. John F. Kennedy Inaugaration John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th president of the United States. On May 8, the first James Bond movie, "Dr. No," hit the theaters. Dr. Martin Luther King's legendary "I Have a Dream" speech, Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali), B.A., History, University of California at Davis. In 1950, Diners Club, the first modern credit card was introduced, which would eventually change the financial lives of every American in the years to come. 4. The crew was held in North Korea for nearly a year, returning to the U.S. on December 24. "JFK, MLK, LBJ, Vietnam, and the 1960s." In lighter news, on July 9, Andy Warhol exhibited his iconic Campbell's Soup can painting in an exhibition in Los Angeles. Aug 28, 1963. He was found guilty on 15 counts on December 12 and executed the following June. Construction was completed on the Berlin Wall, sealing off East from West Berlin on August 13. America was certainly no stranger to political violence, but 1968 appeared to bring the bloodletting to new heights. The nation mourned, and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson suddenly became president on that day in November. The protest began on December 5, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., then a young local pastor, and was so successful that it was extended indefinitely. In the 1960 Summer Olympics, Wilma Rudolph won three gold medals in track & field. McFadden, Strauss Eddy & Irwin for Desilu Productions/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. On June 20, the U.S. and Soviet Union agreed to establish a hotline telephone connection between the two countries. Three political events that happened and when they started around in the 1960s was the Civil Rights Protest which started on December 1, 1955, the second eventwas when John F. kennedy got shot which was on November 22, 1963, and the last event is The Cuban Missile Crisis which occured on October 16, 1962 – October 28, 1962. Presidential candidates Richard Nixon (left), later the 37th president of the United States, and John F. Kennedy, the 35th president, during a televised debate. Rosenberg, Jennifer. In May Mao Tse-tung launched the Cultural Revolution, a sociopolitical movement that would remake China. Hasbro's GI Joe showed up on toy store shelves beginning February 2, and Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) became the heavyweight champion of the world, beating Sonny Liston in six rounds on February 25. For the first time, two states, New York and California have over fifteen million people within their borders. Between April 11 and August 14, Adolf Eichmann went on trial for his role in the Holocaust, charged under the 1950 Nazi and Nazi Collaborators Punishment law. On May 9, the first commercial birth control pill, Enovid, produced by G.D. Searle was approved for that use by the FDA. NASA/Neil A. Armstrong/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Important Dates In American History. The Sharpeville massacre in South Africa occurred on March 21, when a crowd of about 7,000 protesters went to the police station. What three events best represent the 1960’s and why? The black civil rights movement grew in intensity in the 1960's. 1961 January 3. This timeline offers a sample of newsworthy happenings from the 1960s. April 1, 1960 - The 1960 census includes a United States population of 179,323,175, an 18.5% increase since 1950. The legendary outdoor Woodstock rock concert was held on Max Yasgur's farm, New York, between August 15–18). Vietnam was the first war to be videotaped by reporters for the public to see on a daily bases. Just one day after managing the Cardinals to the championship, John Keane resigned from St. Louis to take over for Yogi Berra in New York.The collapse of the Philadelphia Phillies kept things interesting in the NL. On July 2, 1964, the landmark Civil Rights Act became law, ending segregation in public places and banning employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The Phillies had a 6.5 game lead with two weeks left, but lost 10 in a row to choke miserably down the stretch. Events of 1960, from Wikipedia There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom: An Invitation to Enter a New Field of Physics, by Richard P. Feynman, Caltech's Engineering and Science, February 1960 [first paper on nanotechnology] Hubert Humphrey Speaks to Farmers 14 March Surrounded by his children, a survivor of the My Lai Massacre stands in a village near the site of the massacre. The race into space was fueled by the United States' rivalry with the Soviet Union during this era. The first Freedom Ride left Washington DC on May 4th: freedom riders challenged the southern states' non-enforcement of the Supreme Court's ruling that segregation on buses was unconstitutional. At the same time, events and new public attitudes brought dramatic social changes to the United States. April 17–20. Rosenberg, Jennifer. https://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/timelines/1960-1970 On February 1, the civil rights era began with a lunch counter sit-in at a Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina. War. About the Book Author. All males turning 20 between 1 January and 30 June must register within three weeks. On November 29, the Warren Report on the assassination of JFK was issued, naming Lee Harvey Oswald as the lone killer. | Location: near My Lai, South Vietnam. This helped football become the most popular sport in America. Apr 8, 1967. Workers building the Berlin Wall, a tangible symbol of the Cold War. The first message was sent between computers connected by the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), the precursor of the Internet, on October 29. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Civil Rights Leader, Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1951 to 1959. On December 17, the Australian prime minister Harold Holt disappeared while swimming in Cheviot Bay and his body was never found. Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" was published on February 19th, and the first "Dr. Who" episode aired on television on November 23. what are three major political events in the 1960s? He was the first African-American justice on the Supreme Court. Several major events shaped the era: the assassination of U.S. President John F. Source for information on The 1960s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview: U*X*L American Decades dictionary. On July 18, SenatorTed Kennedy (D-MA) left the scene of an accident on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts, where his campaign worker Mary Jo Kopechne died. On March 6, 1965, two battalions of U.S. Marines waded ashore near Danang, the first wave of sent troops sent by LBJ to Vietnam in what would become a source of division in the U.S. in the decades to come. infographics! Alaska becomes the 49th state. For those living through this decade, it was one not to be forgotten. Here are some of the sporting highlights in the world of sport for 1960. What were THREE major sporting events and the dates they took place. Pictures and Trivia About the Presidents of the United States, Birmingham Campaign: History, Issues, and Legacy, Four Major Civil Rights Speeches and Writings, The 'Big Six' Organizers of the Civil Rights Movement, A List of Holidays of Interest to Black Americans, Rev. Two assassinations overshadow all other news of 1968. Learn more about The Outsiders with Course Hero's FREE study guides and December 14, 1819 - Alabamais the 22nd state admitted to the Union. Between April 17–19, the Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba occurred when about 1,400 Cuban exiles failed to wrest control from Fidel Castro. August 21. The 1960s is known for the major moments that shaped history -- civil rights, Vietnam, the assassinations of Kennedy and King. The first Super Bowl ever was played in Los Angeles on January 15, 1967 between the Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs. The major events of this year in sport were the Summer Olympics in Rome Italy and the Winter Olympic Games in Squaw Valley USA. Rosenberg, Jennifer. By the early 1960s, teenagers were already significantly different to those of a decade ago. Place on Sept. 26, 1960, and predictable January and 30 June must register within weeks! 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