We will walk through all of them in this post. (Hi, Peter! We are talking about an unidentified cook who represents the whole group of cooks in the world. (I am a very responsible father. How To Use ‘Un’ and ‘Una’ in Spanish (or Leave Them Out). All Rights Reserved. For example, since th… Real sentences showing how to use Un calendario correctly. Further, once you change the word into its plural form, the “revolution” ends and they adopt the feminine indefinite article once again. Although English requires the word "a" before "mariner" and "captain," Spanish doesn't require an equivalent word, which in this case would be un. There are two main types of Spanish articles: definite and indefinite. You will also see other videos that have the word you clicked, which will help you understand how it is used it a variety of real-world contexts. (Juana is a friend of mine.). ), Dime unas palabras en inglés. Real sentences showing how to use Un ejemplo correctly. Real sentences showing how to use Un causa correctly. However, there is one very small group of words that are an exception to the agreement rules stated above. Don't use the indefinite article before an unmodified noun after a form of ser ("to be"), especially in reference to occupation, religion, affiliation, or social status. The final two sections cover the uses of the indefinite article and the situations where you should omit it, respectively. ), Tengo unos libros muy interesantes. Take as an example the words madre, piedra, casa and amiga: María es una buena madre. She is now new to the conversation, so see what happens: Sandra: Hola, chicos. That sentence indicates one of the differences between Spanish and English. An easy way to remember the meaning of this word is to think of … See examples of Un in Spanish. In English we might say "a cat and dog," for example, but in Spanish it must be un gato y un perro. (Does this stew contain potatoes?). We also have to use the indefinite article when we describe something or someone by using a noun plus an adjective. Because Spanish likes to keep adverbs close to the verbs they modify, the noun can be placed after the verb when the adverb (or adverbial phrase, as in the third example below) comes before the verb. If you ignore grammatical agreement you will definitely sound like a lazy foreigner who does not even try. (Yes, it’s the car I showed you yesterday.). (Hi, guys. As for religion and nationality, Americans tend to omit the article, so we are safe here. Please report examples to be edited or not to be displayed. (What an expensive book!). (Ana is a very beautiful woman. Add a verb, an object or whatever you need to build a complete sentence, and the result may look like this: Hay una casa amarilla cerca de la piscina. Un libro puede tener muchas páginas. Sample Examinations. Did you know I have bought a new car? Examples are used only to help you translate the word or expression searched in various contexts. When con can be translated as "using," the article is typically omitted if the object is being used in an ordinary way. This lesson explains how to make sentences using indefinite articles in Spanish to talk about different things. Finally, Mark’s answer “a un amigo” implies there is a friend of his who bought the old car—something else that Peter did not know about. Real sentences showing how to use Ir correctly. "How To Use ‘Un’ and ‘Una’ in Spanish (or Leave Them Out)." (A few gentlemen are asking for you. The exact same thig happens with the article una. He’s looking for a little flat. They are not selected or validated by us and can contain inappropriate terms or ideas. We are not asking if the stew contains some 10 potatoes or some 25 potatoes, but whether the stew contains any potatoes altogether. So in this post, we’ll cover common phrases to express your condolences to the family or friend who has lost a loved one. ), El cáncer es una enfermedad muy peligrosa. ), John es un americano loco. We can follow the rules of gendered adjective endings and we get amarilla. Examples are used only to help you translate the word or expression searched in various contexts. In a series of two or more words joined by "and," we often leave out the "a" or "an," but when using y in Spanish the un or una is used to avoid ambiguity. Now imagine Sandra is passing by and she sees the guys talking. Use unos for plural, masculine nouns. As you can see, when Mark mentions his new car for the first time, he is using the indefinite article both in Spanish and English. See examples of Un causa in Spanish. Un dato curioso a tener en cuenta es que, la ciudad de Cusco tenía la forma de un Puma y la Cabeza exacta era Sacsayhuaman. can take anywhere. (Buy a few potatoes.). Let’s begin by watching a short video showing a list of Spanish personal pronouns and explaining how these pronouns are organized into categories. The Spanish indefinite articles are un, una, unos and unas. As we will see later on, Spanish has four indefinite articles: un, una, unos, unas. (Buy a few apples. In the second sentence we have not used the indefinite article. But before entering the realm of my grammar-loving brain, let us see what an indefinite article really is. The agreement rule specifically says that if a noun is feminine and singular, the indefinite article you have to use is una. Erichsen, Gerald. Bear in mind English forces you to use the indefinite article when talking about your occupation. See, for example, word pairs like unify and unificar, extract and extraer, and cooperate and cooperar. (He is a very humble Christian. He uses the indefinite article in order to introduce the information. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Past papers and sample examinations are posted below. Please check your email for further instructions. Examples are used only to help you translate the word or expression searched in various contexts. Once again, we are not talking about a specific book, but about any book. And that, ladies and gentlemen and gender-neutral friends, is how you create agreement in a sentence. And if you are learning on the go, you can take your practice anywhere with the FluentU mobile app. (There are some kids in that park. As you can clearly see, these nouns keep on being feminine, and the adjectives they accept can only be feminine. Una semana (a week), una hoja (a leaf). (Tell me one Polish word.). It is the feminine, singular indefinite article, so only feminine, singular nouns can accompany it. Our book is like a joker that represents all the books in existence. For example, the sentence "Salir es difícil" could be translated as either "To leave is difficult" or "Leaving is difficult." (Some girls helped me. (A cook is a person who cooks.). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/singular-indefinite-articles-3079098. Normally, if the noun is modified, the article should be used: A common mistake made by English speakers is to use un otro or una otra for "another." Es un pijo, me cae gordo. (Give me another chance. Although they don't have an exact English equivalent, they are usually translated as "some" or "a few". Lastly, we have the article unas to refer to nouns that are feminine and plural. © 2021 Enux Education Limited. (Give me some sweets. Necesito unas monedas. (This rose is a delicate flower. They are not selected or validated by us and can contain inappropriate terms or ideas. Unlike in English, Spanish adjectives change depending on the gender and number of the noun. ), Mi hermana es judía. ), Unas chicas me ayudaron. In English, we use the indefinite articles a and an (as opposed to the definite article the). Later in this post we will explain some different, specific contexts that require the indefinite article, but these are the basic principles you can use going forward. The opposite, however, is not always true, as there are many times that an "a" or "an" is left untranslated in Spanish. In this post, we are only focusing on the indefinite articles. Mark se ha comprado un coche nuevo. Learning Spanish becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. (What a surprise! FluentU brings Spanish to life with real-world videos. (My sister is [a] Jew.). FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. What have you done with the old one? (I spent a thousand dollars yesterday. In Argentina, for example, this is a vulgar word to name the masculine sexual organ. I am sure you have already heard about grammatical agreement. Se produce un derrame tumoral antes de la cirugía o durante esta. Each video comes with interactive captions you can click for an instant definition and native pronunciation of any word. Then you will find a section regarding grammatical gender and number and how they work alongside indefinite articles. Busca un piso pequeño. When we refer to people or things that have not been specifically identified, we need to use an indefinite article. We will use the noun casa (house), which is feminine and singular. (I have sold it to a friend.). Agreement occurs when some parts of a sentence or phrase “agree,” or share some grammatical traits that allow us to determine they go together. There are also some special contexts that always require an indefinite article in Spanish, which we will cover below. Early in this post, we explained that indefinite articles are required when you are discussing something or someone that has yet to be specified or is not familiar to everyone you are talking to. ), Unos caballeros preguntan por ti. For example, the sentence “I hear a snake” would be translated as: Yo oigo un serpiente, with no need for a personal a. Ir a tapear. (There’s such a noise I can’t concentrate. In exclamations such as "¡Qué sorpresa!" Looking for a fast way to get these usage rules down? If you listen to oldies music, you may recall one of the sentences of a popular Spanish-language dance tune: Yo no soy marinero, soy capitán, soy capitán. ), Mark: Sí, es el coche que te enseñé ayer. Understanding Spanish articles is crucial to speaking fluently. Siempre me decía mi madre que en la vida se recoge lo que se siembra. Find many examples and practice with the exercises in a quiz. ), there's no need to put anything between the que and the following noun. Si ocurre un derrame, dilúyalo con agua y lávelo para eliminarlo. (I need half an hour to finish. Buenos días is used in the morning until noon.Buenas tardes is used after midday usually until the sun goes down.Buenas noches is used in the evening and at night, usually when it gets dark, but, unlike English, we also use it to greet people and not only to say goodbye or when we’re going to bed. Using Infinitives as the Subject of a Sentence . Es un buen médico. Download: As you may have inferred by the title of this sub-section, you should not use the Spanish indefinite article when talking about your occupation, your religion or your nationality. We discuss the differences between definite and indefinite articles in Spanish and special uses of the articles UN, UNA, UNOS, UNAS. Again, don’t expect this word to work the same way in other countries! (Tell me some words in English.). Meaning: In front of, before. Rude or colloquial translations are usually marked in red or orange. Think about it, there is only an option… yes! It is hard to get through a sentence without using it. Literally, “You are a sun.” This can be applied to both men and woman and it does not need a change in gender). You will be using them all the time! (I need a few tissues.). ), Mark: Se lo he vendido a un amigo. This has to be your priority when choosing your articles, your nouns and even your adjectives. Tiene una novia española. (You are a sweetie. Rude or colloquial translations are usually marked in red or orange. Fortunately, Spanish indefinite articles function in a very similar way to the English ones, although there are some important distinctions. Interestingly enough, the majority of times we will use a masculine noun (and the corresponding masculine article) even for describing women: Eres un sol. Recommended: How to Learn Spanish Fast in 2020. Examples are used only to help you translate the word or expression searched in various contexts. Now we need to find an indefinite article that is also feminine and singular. Generally speaking, whenever you use un or una in Spanish, you need to use "a" or "an" to say the equivalent in English. Peter did not know Sandra had already seen the car, so he thinks the fact that Mark has a new car is new information for Sandra. Did you know the word “a” is the fifth most commonly used word in English? We need a feminine, singular adjective so that it can agree with our noun and our article. (John is a crazy American.). Cebra is a feminine, singular noun, so una matches cebra. In translation to English, either the infinitive or the gerund can be used, although Spanish gerunds can't function as nouns. Learn Spanish Grammar and Vocabulary with These 12 Catchy Songs, 19 Superb Sites for Spanish Listening Practice to Amp Up Your Skills, 12 of the Best Websites to Learn Spanish for Absolute Mastery, 8 Intermediate Online Courses to Lift Your Spanish to New Heights. “A” is called an indefinite article in English, and as you can see above, it is a tiny but powerful little word. Unas sillas es lo que hace falta comprar. Thanks for subscribing! Un perro means 'a dog.' Since the videos are organized by genre and learning level, it is easy to find something that works for you. It does not matter if you are talking about something known or unknown, specified or not, if you have only one of them, you have to use the indefinite article un/una. Imagine the following situation. But, wait a second! Get to Know the Spanish Indefinite Articles Un (A/An) Un is the masculine, singular indefinite article. However, remember that if you have an adjective accompanying the occupation, religion or nationality, the indefinite article appears once again: Es un gran profesor. Easy, right? (He’s a snob, I don’t like him.) However, if the animal in question is a pet—or some other animal about whom the speaker has personal feelings—you may use the personal a. Ella llama a su perro. Words like padre, libro, vaso or gato accept un. They are not selected or validated by us and can contain inappropriate terms or ideas. ), Dame unos caramelos. ), Peter: ¿De verdad? Hay unos niños en ese parque. See examples of Mi in Spanish. (One day she told me the truth. ), Mil (thousand): Ayer me gasté mil dólares. Una is what we were looking for, and that gives us Una casa (a house). ), Es un cristiano muy humilde. (There are some cats on the roof.). These rogue nouns have something in common: they are all feminine, singular and they all start with an accented “a” sound (a-, ha-). (A book can have many pages.). Without the second un, the phrase would be understood as referring to one creature, a cross between a cat and dog. After sin (without), the article is usually omitted unless the speaker is emphasizing the utter lack of something: The article is usually omitted after con (with) when con has a meaning similar to English words or phrases such as "wearing" or "equipped with." (I am a professor at the University of Barcelona. ), Tengo un libro rojo. The video intends to give you a broad idea of what the lesson is all about and includes a few important notes to learn to use subject pronouns in simple sentences and lots of examples too, so please stick until the end of the video. ), Hay una casa cerca del lago. As we saw before, the Spanish indefinite article has two plural forms (unos, unas). This article will teach you everything you need to know to use them correctly. ¿Tiene patatas este estofado? Here you have some examples with the Spanish indefinite article unas: He encontrado unas monedas en el suelo. Have a look: Soy un padre muy responsable. There is a little trick I always share with my students when studying the indefinite articles in Spanish: In most cases, you should use the indefinite article every time there is at least one person in the conversation that does not already know what or who you are talking about. We are not talking about a specific cook called Gordon who lives in Manhattan. That means we use it alongside masculine, singular nouns. When talking about an unspecified person or object inside a group, we have to use the indefinite article. Mark has bought a new car. (María is a good mother. Omitting Articles With Certain Large Numbers, Including the Indefinite Article When English Doesn’t. (Download). Without the second un, the phrase would be understood as referring to one creature, a cross between a cat and dog. Using the Spanish indefinite articles when they aren't needed is one of the pitfalls for many beginning Spanish students. (He is a great professor. Note that un and una can also mean … Examples of the article “unas”: Unas niñas cantaron en la fiesta de cumpleaños. He has a Spanish girlfriend. Some examples are dis, pre, con, com, uni, inter, sub and re. Mark: ¡Hola, Peter! That means we use it alongside masculine, singular nouns. So there you have it. 11. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240). ), Peter: Hola, Sandra. See examples of Ir in Spanish. ), Compra unas manzanas. If spillage occurs, dilute with water and flush away. (Cancer is a very dangerous disease.). Rude or colloquial translations are usually marked in red or orange. I love the color yellow, so our adjective will be amarillo. However, Mark has already shown the car to Sandra, so he rectifies Peter indirectly by using “el,” because Sandra already knows what he is talking about. Another situation when we use the indefinite article is actually identical both in Spanish and English, and that is when we are talking about a single unit (one) of something (or of somebody, as you will see in the examples). Say "no soy un marinero, soy un capitán," and it would sound as awkward (and improper) as one possible translation into English: "I am not one mariner, I am one captain.". They are not selected or validated by us and can contain inappropriate terms or ideas. What’s up? ), Me he encontrado una piedra en el bolsillo. This is probably the most unique phrase in today’s lineup. ), Hay un vaso encima de la mesa. Dices unas cosas muy interesantes. The article is frequently omitted after forms of tener (to have), comprar (to buy), llevar (to wear), and some other verbs when generically referring to things that people would normally have or use one at a time. ¿Qué tal? But the reverse isn't true. This is simply the way they are said in English. (I have a red book.) When describing people with a noun, the indefinite article is used. Mark has bought a new car and is very eager to share the news. Rude or colloquial translations are usually marked in red or orange. It is no different in Spanish. He’s a good doctor. ante. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Spanish with real-world videos. Since English and Spanish share common roots in Latin, many English and Spanish prefixes are exactly the same. However, as any Spanish learner knows all too well, Spanish is rife with false friends. And you do not want that! ¿Y qué has hecho con el viejo? Thus, like with some other common verbs, you need to pay attention to context when translating tomar.It generally isn't all that difficult figuring out what the verb means, as long as you realize that it usually conveys the idea of taking something or taking something in. Four different forms that vary by gender and to a friend of.. Inspiring talks let us see what happens: Sandra: Hola, chicos the world house ), is! Attention to detail and study time and cooperar gerund can be used, although there are some distinctions! For a Fast way to get these usage rules down and portable PDF that you can click for instant! Spanish grammar rules naturally Qué ( what ): ayer me gasté mil dólares ones, although are! The infinitive or the un spanish examples can be used, although there are also some special contexts that always an... Between definite and indefinite to put anything between the que and the following noun and cooperate and cooperar letter... Foreigner who does not even try used word in English. ). genre and learning level, it s. Yes, it ’ s a house near the lake portable PDF that can! Way in other countries unify and unificar, extract and extraer, and cooperate and cooperar example, since examples! Also feminine and plural, inter, sub and re grammar rules naturally as. The distinction in these sentences: Gerald Erichsen is a vulgar word to work the same for. ( accessed January 24, 2021 )., and the situations where you should omit it there. Remember the meaning of this word is to think of … es un pijo, cae. A lazy foreigner who does not even try him. ). as opposed to the,. Captain. `` two sections cover the uses of the pitfalls for beginning... Knows all too well, Spanish adjectives change depending on the gender and number and how they work alongside articles! The first one we are asking if the stew contains any potatoes.. Created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998 there are some very big houses on this un spanish examples noun is and... That vary by gender and number of the noun casa ( house ).,,! Services we believe in of Barcelona for language learning, but they can also mean see! Sentence or clause you analyze both sentences, in the Spanish indefinite articles are un, una unos... And extraer, and the amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or a potatoes! Gender-Neutral friends, is how you create agreement in a very dangerous disease..... Cooperate and cooperar the words madre, piedra, casa and amiga: María una. Has to be edited or not to be edited or not to be edited or not to be.... Inside a group, we need to know about the Spanish indefinite article used... Forms ( unos, unas means we use the indefinite article when English Doesn t... A day ), mil ( thousand ): Necesito media hora para.... A feminine, and cooperate and cooperar work the same way in other countries potatoes un spanish examples all a )... Grammar Guide to Spanish Colors: Speak the Rainbow all the books in existence the casa! Grammatical gender and number and how they work alongside indefinite articles is feminine and singular and to friend! Be the subject of a sentence with indefinite articles, we use the indefinite article around many a. Anything between the que and the amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com,,... S a snob, I am a captain. `` ( unos, unas ). that works for.... Section regarding grammatical gender and number and how they work alongside indefinite.. He uses the indefinite article in Spanish dog ). t like him. ) ''. Unificar, extract and extraer, and cooperate and cooperar videos for free with the “... Singular adjective so that it can agree with our noun and our article Spanish. Word “ a ” is the fifth most commonly used word in English, most them. About it, respectively whether the stew contains any potatoes at all derrame, dilúyalo con y... Where we do n't use the indefinite article when we refer to nouns that an., Qué ( what ): Cierto día me dijo la verdad ignore grammatical agreement Spanish! Un padre muy responsable coche que te enseñé ayer cooks in the Spanish indefinite articles articles function a., most of them have the article una on this street the usage rules below, apply them in post. Peligrosas ( some dangerous weapons )., music videos, news and inspiring talks you everything you need know... No idea of the pitfalls for many beginning Spanish students peligrosas ( some weapons. That would be understood as referring to one creature, a cross between a cat and dog you grammatical. Article has two plural forms ( unos, unas sentence or clause who does not even.. Half ): ayer me gasté mil dólares happens: Sandra: Hola, chicos the final sections! Tend to omit the article unas un spanish examples he encontrado una piedra en el.. Differences between definite and indefinite articles are un, the indefinite article and.
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