Most efforts of the movement, especially aims at social equality and repeal of the remaining oppressive, sexist laws, were successful. 1976: Disease hits – The first Ebola outbreak hits. But, economically speaking, it wasn't all bad. 1 … The feminist movement also splintered from a larger push for Civil Rights in the 1970s. Concorde makes the world's first commercial passenger-carrying supersonic flight. Opposition to French nuclear testing intensifies. The oil shock increased East European, particularly Soviet, exports, but a growing inability to increase agricultural output caused growing concern to the governments of the COMECON block, and a growing dependence on food imported from democratic nations. The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified on July 1, 1971, lowering the voting age for all federal and state elections from 21 years to 18 years. As the decade drew to a close, Frank Gehry broke out in new direction with his own house in Santa Monica, a highly complex structure, half excavated out of an existing bungalow and half cheaply built construction using materials such as chicken wire fencing. Car chase movies also became a popular film genre of the 1970s with such films as Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry in 1974, and perhaps the genre's most popular film Smokey and the Bandit in 1977. In Europe, there was a surge of popularity in the early decade for glam rock. [citation needed] As a result, ecological awareness rose substantially, which had a major effect on the economy. Japan's economic growth surpassed the rest of the world in the 1970s, unseating the United States as the world's foremost industrial power. Regardless, the 1970s did happen, caveats and all. The building's use of open spaces and groundbreaking geometry brought rare attention to the small South Asian country. But like a lot of artificial concepts—money, say—the category does take on a reality of its own once people figure out how to put it to work. His single, White Christmas, remains as the best selling single of all time, confirmed by the Guinness Records.[21]. Mar 2 White government of Rhodesia declares itself a republic. New nations emerged around the world, and insurgent movements sought to overthrow existing governments. Many Americans lost interest afterward, feeling that since the country had accomplished President John F. Kennedy's goal of landing on the Moon by the end of the 1960s, there was no need for further missions. Hip hop was also influenced by the song "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" by Gil Scott-Heron. 1st January » Unix time begins at 00:00:00 UTC/GMT. The television western, which had been very popular in the 1950s and 1960s, all but died out during the 1970s, with Bonanza, The Virginian, and Gunsmoke ending their runs. The activism of the 1960s continued into the '70s, particularly for women and other minorities. Child erotica found a niche market, but would eventually be banned under child pornography laws in the 1980s to 1990s. The 1970s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies"; shortened to "the '70s") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970, and ended on December 31, 1979. was the first popular medical drama ever to feature both the paramedic program as well as the hospital emergency department, which also encouraged future people in the United States to develop their own paramedic program or hospital emergency department, and acted as an inspiration for many individuals. Media giant Viacom launched their premium service, Showtime, nationally on July 1, 1976, after a brief, wildly successful test launch on their cable system in Dublin, California.[27]. In addition, many newcomer rock groups such as Black Sabbath and Led Zeppelin appeared. The 1976 Summer Olympics were held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It was not a single event but a long transition. In 1976, peaceful student protests in the, 1977 – Military coup in Pakistan political leaders including Zulfikar Ali Bhutto arrested. Stephen Hawking developed his theories of black holes and the boundary-condition of the universe at this period with his theory called Hawking radiation. People also call it as The Capital and the Royal & SunAlliance Building. 1978 would become known as the "Year of Three Popes". And that nuance is: OIL supersedes just about everything else. 2. and Dad's Army had their origins in the variety show and radio comedy of the first half of the century. On April 13, 1975, the Lebanese Civil War began. Early in the decade, several architects competed to build the tallest building in the world. The science fiction phenomenon of the late 1970s that began with Star Wars went to television with shows such as Battlestar Galactica. Great Britain also experienced considerable economic turmoil during the decade as outdated industries proved unable to compete with Japanese and German wares. Also, the wage gap failed to close, but it did become smaller. Star Channel launched their service offerings nationally in 1973 through the delivery of movies on video tapes for cable providers to broadcast. The height of Match Game's popularity occurred between 1973 and 1977, before it was overtaken by Family Feud in 1978. In the United Kingdom, the 1979 election resulted in the victory of its Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher, the first female British Prime Minister. Japanese car manufacturing focused on computerized robotic manufacturing techniques and lean manufacturing, contributing to high-efficiency and low production costs. The Apollo 11 mission, which had occurred at the end of the previous decade, had transmitted back concrete images of the Earth as an integrated, life-supporting system and shaped a public willingness to preserve nature. The Watergate Scandal, one of the most infamous scandals in presidential history hit the US in 1972. The late 70s also witness the birth of another young music style: hip-hop. Image credit: fs-collectibles.com . Shortly after, Warner Communications acquired the channel and relaunched it on December 1, 1979, in its current form as The Movie Channel. HBO launched on November 8, 1972, becoming the nation's first pay-television channel. In the United States, customers with a license plate ending in an odd number were only allowed to buy gasoline on odd-numbered days, while even-numbered plate-holders could only purchase gasoline on even-numbered days. Minority-centric television programming also featured prominently during the 1970s. The top ten highest-grossing films of the decade are (in order from highest to lowest grossing): Star Wars, Jaws, Grease, The Exorcist, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Superman, The Godfather, Saturday Night Fever, Rocky, and Jaws 2. Elvis Presley, the best-selling singer of all time, died on August 16, 1977. The 1970s was an era of fuel price increases, rising insurance rates, safety concerns, and emissions controls. Coups, civil wars, and terrorism went on across Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and also in Europe where a spate of Soviet-backed Marxist terrorist groups were active throughout the decade. Other architects, such as Peter Eisenman of the New York Five, advocated the pursuit of form for the sake of form and drew on semiotics theory for support. Plans for missions up to Apollo 20 were canceled, and the remaining Apollo and Saturn hardware was used for the Skylab space station program in 1973–1974, and for the Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (ASTP), which was carried out in July 1975. On April 17, 1970, the Apollo 13 returned to Earth. The crisis saw the first instance of stagflation which began a political and economic trend of the replacement of Keynesian economic theory with neoliberal economic theory, with the first neoliberal governments being created in Chile, where a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet took place in 1973. I suppose it needed to be banned, but a part of me is sad that kids today won’t have the battle scars and Jart survival stories we had. Another Asian touchstone beginning in the early 1970s was Hong Kong martial arts film which sparked a greater interest in Chinese martial arts around the world. Biodiversity became a cause of major concern as habitat destruction, and Stephen Jay Gould's theory of punctuated equilibrium revolutionized evolutionary thought. In a nutshell, what happened in the 1970s and 1980s not only does NOT refute Keynesian economics, but if anything reinforces it, albeit with some nuance. As numbers of young people became alienated from social norms, they resisted and looked for alternatives. The decade also brought experimentation in geometric design, pop-art, postmodernism, and early deconstructivism. Despite facing an oil crisis due to the OPEC embargo, the economy of Japan witnessed a large boom in this period, overtaking the economy of West Germany to become the second-largest in the world. ASTP was the last manned American space flight for the next five years. Reeling from a decade of social turmoil, New York in the 1970s fell into a deep tailspin provoked by the flight of the middle class to the suburbs and a nationwide economic recession that hit New York’s industrial sector especially hard. Soap operas expanded their audiences beyond housewives with the rise of All My Children, As the World Turns, Somerset, and The Young and the Restless; with many extending their episodes from 30 minutes to an hour. Facts. Architecture in the 1970s began as a continuation of styles created by such architects as Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979 added to the existing ailments and conjured high inflation throughout much of the world for the rest of the decade. Spike Milligan's Q and the still-popular Monty Python's Flying Circus both used surreal comedy, originating from the 1950s The Goon Show. [4] Political tensions in Iran exploded with the Iranian Revolution in 1979, which overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty and established an authoritarian Islamic republic under the leadership of the Ayatollah Khomeini. Elvis began the year with his first live performance tour since 1958. Before I review what we are seeing, let’s briefly recount what happened during the Great Inflation of the 1970s. Ford followed suit two years later, with Chrysler offering new small front-wheel-drive models, but was suffering from a worsening financial situation caused by various factors. New nations emerged around the world, and insurgent movements sought to overthrow existing governments. Life was simpler than it is now. Even musically, the women's movement had its shining moment. Seriously, how can the '70s be five decades in the past? You know you’re a child of the ’70s if … 1. More women could enter the work force. In the 21st century, historians have increasingly portrayed the 1970s as a "pivot of change" in world history, focusing especially on the economic upheavals[1] that followed the end of the postwar economic boom. His 1973 televised concert, Aloha from Hawaii Via Satellite, aired in over 40 countries in Europe and Asia, as well as the United States, making it one of the most popular concert events of the decade. 2. 15 July – Dockers voted to strike leading to the docks strike of 1970. By the time of 1980, when U.S. President Jimmy Carter was running for re-election against Ronald Reagan, the misery index (the sum of the unemployment rate and the inflation rate) had reached an all-time high of 21.98%. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979added to the existing ailments and conjured high inflation throughout much of the world for th… In 1976, the completed CN Tower in Toronto became the world's tallest free-standing structure on land, an honor it held until 2007. This would have problems of its own, especially the tragic loss of the Soyuz 11 crew in July 1971 and the near-loss of the Soyuz 18a crew during launch in April 1975. Funk, Soul, R&B, Pop, Hard Rock, Soft Rock and Disco all carved out their place in the music world in the 1970s. Statistically, Led Zeppelin and Elton John were the most successful musical acts of the 1970s, both having sold more than 300 million records since 1969.[22][23]. Liverpool in 1970s also witnessed the construction of New Hall Place. All That Jazz (1979) gained high critical praise, winning four Oscars and several other awards. The results of the movement included a new awareness of such issues among women, and unprecedented numbers of women elected to public office, particularly the United States Senate. Experimental classical music influenced both art rock and progressive rock genres with bands such as Pink Floyd, Yes, Todd Rundgren's Utopia, Supertramp, Rush, Genesis, King Crimson, Emerson, Lake & Palmer, Jethro Tull, The Moody Blues and Soft Machine. By then, however, they had already begun Salyut, the world's first space station program, which began in 1971. Japanese vehicles became internationally renowned for their affordability, reliability, and fuel-efficiency, which was very important to many customers after the oil crisis of 1973. Their synthesiser-heavy "krautrock", along with the work of Brian Eno (for a time the keyboard player with Roxy Music), would be a major influence on subsequent synthrock. From the 1970s onwards, blockbusters dominated the film industry. Wood paneling and shag carpets dominated the interiors. Television was transformed by what became termed as "social consciousness" programming, such as All in the Family and Soap, which broke down television barriers. Still in limited release 36 years after its premiere, it is the longest-running theatrical release in film history. [13] [14] Styling on American cars became progressively more boxy and rectilinear during the 1970s,[15] with coupes being the most popular body style. And the returns in the 1970s were impressive – up 21% annually. With the rising cost of hard-cover books and the increasing readership of "genre fiction", the paperback became a popular medium. 1974: Saving face – Nixon resigns so as not to be impeached. It is located in the commercial district of Liverpool, England. [7] A rising cost of housing was reflected in the average price of a new home in the U.S. On August 17, 1976, a magnitude 8 earthquake struck Moro Gulf near the island of sulu in Mindanao, Philippines causing a tsunami killing 5,000 to 8,000 people. A feminist who had inherited the leadership position of the civil rights movement from her husband, Coretta Scott King, as leader of the black movement, called for an end to all discrimination, helping and encouraging the Woman's Liberation movement, and other movements as well. The 1970s was an important time for Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights. They would form what would become known as the counterculture. The year 1979 witnessed the spectacular reentry of Skylab over Australia. In August, Major changes in the People's Republic of China. Design trends in the 1970s were marked by a backlash against the bright colors and futurism of the 1950s and 1960s and a rise in popularity of dark, earthy tones with extensive use of brown, green, purple, and orange. Sex was everywhere in the 1970s. Chicago (the band): Jazz-Rock Crosses Over, Carpenters (the Band): The First Family of Sunshine Pop, A Timeline of the History of Hollywood Horror Movies, The 20 Best African-American Horror Movies, The History of Hollywood's Major Movie Studios, Exploitation Film: Grindhouse, Blaxploitation, and Other Genres, Top 10 Disaster Action Films: From Natural Disasters to Alien Invasions, The Top 10 Michael Jackson Songs of the '70s, Electric Light Orchestra (ELO): A Power-Pop Symphony, marijuana is classified as a Schedule I drug, 1972: A Crime and a coverup – Five men are caught breaking into the Democratic National Headquarters located at the. Many automobiles began to lose their character and looked the same across brands and automakers, as well as featuring "luxury" enhancements such as vinyl roofs and opera windows. By the end of the decade, there was an increasing backlash against libertine sexual attitudes, and the event of the AIDS epidemic helped bring about an end to the Sexual Revolution. [2] In the Western world, social progressive values that began in the 1960s, such as increasing political awareness and economic liberty of women, continued to grow. One of the best-known anti-war demonstrations was the Kent State shootings. Electronic instrumental progressive rock was particularly significant in continental Europe, allowing bands like Kraftwerk, Tangerine Dream, Can, and Faust to circumvent the language barrier. Four protestors at Kent State University in … The European Space Agency was founded during the decade as well. The seventies brought further experimentation in glass and steel construction and geometric design. Sex became a big focus for the public, not only in practice but in the issues surrounding sex as well. Obviously you might be old enough to *gasp* remember, but for those of us who weren’t yet even twinkles in our father’s eye, here’s what was going on (Marvin Gaye, May ’71). It's just not possible that the era ruled by bell-bottom jeans and 8-track cassettes was half a century ago. By the mid-to-late 1970s, "jiggle television"—programs oriented toward sexual gratification and bawdy humor and situations such as Charlie's Angels, The Love Boat, and Three's Company—became popular. Usually the big American companies would invest millions in one or two big films, or blockbusters, a year. 1971 saw Erin Pizzey establish the world's first domestic violence shelter in Chiswick, London and Pizzey and her colleagues opened further facilities throughout the next few years. Attempts were made to produce electric cars, but they were largely unsuccessful. My father worked and had weekends off; my mother stayed home and did the shopping, did the cooking, and raised the kids. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and even won Helen her one and only Grammy Award. Download this chart Figure 2: Interest rates and Consumer Prices Index (CPI) … 1. Between 1977 and 1979, it became more mainstream, particularly with the outlaw movement, led by Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson. 05/31/1970– An earthquake in Peru killed 72,200 people. In contrast, Japan and West Germany experienced economic booms and started overtaking the U.S. as the world's leading manufacturers. The 1970s saw the rapid commercialization of rock music, and by mid-decade there were a spate of bands derisively dubbed "corporate rock" due to the notion that they had been created by record labels to produce simplistic, radio-friendly songs that offered clichés rather than meaningful lyrics. The primary impetus for this change was the fact that young men were being drafted to fight in the Vietnam War before they were old enough to vote. Replacing westerns were police and detective shows, a trend that would last through the 1980s. In 1970, university students were protesting the war and the draft. Prior to 1970 Māori players were excluded from All Black sides touring South Africa because of that country’s unwritten (and later written) policies of racial segregation. The highest-selling album was Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon (1973). Forty-three nations ratify the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. There was also a growing sentiment that the billions of dollars spent on the space program should be put to other uses. [9] The economic problems of the 1970s would result in a sluggish cynicism replacing the optimistic attitudes of the 1950s and 1960s and a distrust of government and technology. Women were also established portraying action characters in programs like Police Woman, Wonder Woman, The Bionic Woman, and others. Old standbys such as The Ed Sullivan Show and The Red Skelton Show were canceled and replaced by hipper programming like Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour and Donny & Marie. After 1974, unemployment averaged 7.9 percent and some years … Two of popular music's most successful artists from other eras died within eight weeks of each other in 1977. LSD use hit its peak, drugs affected several big stars at this time, and the government's view on drugs became a lot stricter in the '70s. Industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic recession due to an oil crisis caused by oil embargoes by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries. Even so, during the early 1970s, Britain admitted 28,000 people of Indian origin who had been forced to leave Uganda. Novelist Tom Wolfe coined the term " 'Me' decade" in his essay "The 'Me' Decade and the Third Great Awakening", published by New York Magazine in August 1976 referring to the 1970s. Shows featuring African-Americans as main characters, such as Sanford and Son, Maude, The Jeffersons, Good Times, and What's Happening!! Nudist culture was also popular during the decade, especially in Germany and Scandinavia. In 1970, Japan overtook West Germany to become the world's second-largest economy. 3. LGBT people have dealt with discrimination from the law, employers, schools, and church. Life was simpler than it is now. The science fiction show Doctor Who reached its peak. 1970s Facts 44. The postmodern author Thomas Pynchon published his most famous work, Gravity's Rainbow, in 1973. You can recite McDonald’s Big Mac song: Two all beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions on a sesame seed bun. The birth of modern computing was in the 1970s, which saw the development of: The first scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) is introduced. The Dallas Cowboys and the Pittsburgh Steelers dominated the decade in the NFL. In addition to the deaths in the 1970s, breakups of bands and duos; such as the Beatles, Simon and Garfunkel, Creedence Clearwater Revival, the Everly Brothers, and others; occurred over the course of the decade. The second wave feminist movement in the United States largely ended in 1982 with the failure of the Equal Rights Amendment, and with new conservative leadership in Washington, D.C.. American women created a brief, but powerful, third-wave in the early 1990s which addressed sexual harassment (inspired by the Anita Hill–Clarence Thomas Senate Judiciary Committee hearings of 1991). Biafra surrenders after 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria (Jan. 12). Many popular British situation comedies (sit-coms) were gentle, unchallenging comedies of middle-class life; typical examples were Terry and June and Sykes. Facts about Liverpool in the 1970 6: New Hall Place Regardless, the 1970s did happen, caveats and all. In the late 1970s, BBC2's unveiled a new identity, a twin-striped "2", which was the first electronically generated symbol and scrolled on and off the screen. Irreverence and satire, typified in Kurt Vonnegut's Breakfast of Champions, were common literary elements. The Watergate scandal ended … The Philadelphia Flyers won the Stanley Cup in 1974 and 1975, a team best remembered as "The Broad Street Bullies". Asian cinema of the 1970s catered to the rising middle class fantasies and struggles. [19] The mid-1970s saw the rise of electronic art music musicians such as Jean Michel Jarre, Vangelis, and Tomita, who with Brian Eno were a significant influence of the development of new-age music. On the other hand, export-driven economic development in Asia, especially by the Four Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan), resulted in rapid economic transformation and industrialization. Many advertising trends of the 1970s also reflected this growing social consciousness trend, such as with Coca-Cola's "Give the World a Coke" and McDonalds "You Deserve a Break" campaigns.[26]. The fact that no taller tower had been built between the construction of the CN Tower and the Burj Khalifa shows how innovative the architecture and engineering of the structure truly was. 11/27/2016 08:12 am ET Updated Dec 06, 2017 I grew up in the 70s and it was great. Star Channel eventually was linked up to satellite in January 1978. The 1970s saw an initial increase in violence in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria declared war on Israel, but in the late 1970s, the situation in the Middle East was fundamentally altered when Egypt signed the Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty. 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